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Visual Functions in Nautical School Students

By Marko Mustač, Stjepan Barbarić, Ante Talijančić and Mate Mustač

Abstract

Vidne su funkcije važan čimbenik u ocjeni i prognozi radne sposobnosti pomoraca. Cilj rada bio je ispitati vidne funkcije i utvrditi njihovo značenje za medicinske kontraindikacije za buduće nautičare i brodostrojare. Pregledano je 87 učenika trećih razreda Pomorske škole tijekom postupka za dobivanje pomorske knjižice. U 92% ispitanika utvrđene su normalne vrijednosti vida. Ustanovljeno je da je jedan budući brodostrojar imao patološke vrijednosti oštrine vida i dubinskog vida, a jedan je budući nautičar imao patološke vrijednosti kolornog vida, što je apsolutna kontraindikacija za odabrano zanimanje. Zaključeno je da pri selekciji učenika u Pomorske škole na samome početku treba posebno ispitati vidne funkcije držeći se striktno utvrđenih kriterija. Pravilnik o pomorcima trebalo bi inovirati.Eighty-seven junior nautical school students, of which 46 undergraduate marine engineers and 41 undergraduate navigators were examined for visual functions as a part of screening procedure for nautical occupations. All students were male, aged between 17 and 18. Examination comprised visual acuity, visual depth, and colour vision. The visual functions were then quantified according to ergo-ophthalmologic criteria. Statistically, the visual functions were found to be within the normal limits. Only 5% of students bordered with visual impairments in acuity and depth. Five undergraduate marine engineers and one undergraduate navigator were found to be deuteranomalous. Deuteranomaly in the latter presented a serious impediment and the student was not eligible for the occupation. It turned out that he had not been examined before the enrollment. The enrollment in the nautical school should be conditioned by previous medical examination that would be performed in accordance with the Regulations for Nautical Personnel. The student’s health should be monitored throughout the education and the examination should be repeated on entering the junior class. The existing Regulations for Nautical Personnel should be updated

Topics: brodostrojari; medicina profesionalne orijentacije; medicinske kontraindikacije; nautičari; pomorska zanimanja; praćenje ispitanika; vidne funkcije, medical contraindication; nautical occupations; nautical school students; occupational orientation; screening; visual function
Publisher: Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health
Year: 1999
OAI identifier: oai:hrcak.srce.hr:3291

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