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Some Rare Unpublished Finds from Siscia

By Remza Koščević

Abstract

U članku je obrađeno nekoliko metalnih predmeta nešto rjeđe pojave koji se odnose na kultnu plastiku, dijelove sprava za mjerenje težine te na pribor za rasvjetu. Pronađeni su na tlu rimske Siscije, a pripadaju antičkom razdoblju.This text is a sequel to publications of metal finds from a private collection from Sisak and it encompasses some artifacts that appear rather rare in comparison to the materials of Siscian origin that have been published up to the present day. Along with some utility objects – a candelabrum (T. 4., T. 5.), two scale-beams and a chain (T. 2.) – two figural objects of a rather unusual shape are covered. One represents a man’s bust – a steelyard-weight (T. 1., 2) and according to its function it also belongs to utility objects, and the other is classified as small cult plastic (T. 1, 1, T. 3). The bust of a non-Roman character in T. 1., 2, Barbarian in form, according to analogies corresponds to the representations of the Dacians or Scythians, and considering the headband as an equivalent of taenia it might represent a divine figure – the Roman Jupiter. The statuette in T. 1., 1 relates to an ithyphallic interpretation of a syncretistic divinity. It represents an iconographic picture with mixed elements of Silenus, i.e. Sylvan or Bes, familiar from the existing finds of bronze vessels and weights. It has no direct analogies to comparative examples, but of the three aforementioned deities it has traits which are more connected to the original representations of the Egyptian Bes. Both beams in T. 2., 1, 2 relate to the type of symmetric two-sided balance, of which the former belongs to the version with a sighting tool for precise measuring. The chain in T. 2., 3 was used either for hanging a lucerne or for hanging a weight on an asymmetric one-sided steelyard. According to the shape of the receptacle and the stick, the candelabrum in T. 4 and 5 seems to comply with the more general standards of shaping this form of candlestick, and according to its base shape it corresponds with the version of a three-footed candelabrum with a plateshaped base. There are no related, comprehensively comparable examples because of the unusual shape of the feet on which the base is placed. Particularly the feet – which also have a terriomorphous upper part – are the distinctive detail, making the base an originally designed example. The published finds cannot be precisely chronologically classified within the broad framework of the Roman period

Topics: rimsko doba; Siscija; kultna plastika; vaga; uteg; svijećnjak, Roman period; Siscia; cult plastic; scale; weight; candelabrum
Publisher: Institute of arhaeology
Year: 2002
OAI identifier: oai:hrcak.srce.hr:807

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