Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Learning styles: Individualizing computer‐based learning environments

By Anne Groat and Tim Musson


In spite of its importance, learning style is a factor that has been largely ignored in the design of educational software. Two issues concerning a specific set of learning styles, described by Honey and Mumford (1986), are considered here. The first relates to measurement and validity. This is discussed in the context of a longitudinal study to test the predictive validity of the questionnaire items against various measures of academic performance, such as course choice and level of attainment in different subjects. The second issue looks at how the learning styles can be used in computer‐based learning environments. A re‐examination of the four learning styles (Activist, Pragmatist, Reflector and Theorist) suggests that they can usefully be characterized using two orthogonal dimensions. Using a limited number of pedagogical building blocks, this characterization has allowed the development of a teaching strategy suitable for each of the learning styles. Further work is discussed, which will use a multi‐strategy basic algebra tutor to assess the effect of matching teaching strategy to learning style

Topics: LB Theory and practice of education, LC1022 - 1022.25 Computer-assisted Education
Publisher: Universit of Wales Press
Year: 1995
DOI identifier: 10.1080/0968776950030206
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1993). A methodology for characterizing computer-based learning environments' doi
  2. (1985). Academic intervention program: applying brain and learning style concepts', Theory into Practice, doi
  3. (1986). Adapting teaching to individual differences among students'
  4. (1986). An investigation of the properties of Kolb's Learning Style Inventory', doi
  5. (1993). Cognitive style and computer-assisted learning: problems and a possible solution', doi
  6. (1988). Computers and education: adaptation to individual differences'
  7. (1977). Field-dependent and field-independent cognitive styles and their educational implications', doi
  8. (1984). Human-computer interaction and individual differences' doi
  9. (1986). Identifying Learning Styles and Matching Strategies for Teaching and Learning, doi
  10. (1989). Interpretation errors in syllogistic reasoning'. doi
  11. (1984). Learning from problem-solving'
  12. (1992). Learning strategies in an "ideal" computer-based learning environment', doi
  13. (1985). Learning styles and strategies of postgraduate students', doi
  14. (1986). Learning styles in conversation - a practical application of Pask's learning theory to human-computer interaction'
  15. (1983). Learning styles of college students' doi
  16. (1989). Learning styles: individualizing computer-based learning environments doi
  17. (1979). Learning/teaching styles: their effects' in National Association of Secondary School Principals (eds), The Modern American College,
  18. (1993). Reliability and validity of the Learning Styles Questionnaire', doi
  19. (1979). Student learning and perceptions of the academic environment', doi
  20. (1976). Styles and strategies of learning', doi
  21. (1990). The importance of learning style in end-user training', doi
  22. (1988). The Learning Styles Questionnaire: an alternative to Kolb's inventory?', doi
  23. (1990). Validity of the learning style questionnaire', doi
  24. (1978). What can one learn from the Learning Style Inventory?', doi
  25. (1987). Why a picture is (sometimes) worth ten thousand words', doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.