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The negative-difference effect during the localized corrosion of magnesium and of the AZ91HP alloy

By Cristina R. Weber, Gerhard Knörnschild and Luís F. P. Dick


Galvanostatic tests with pure magnesium and with the AZ91HP alloy were performed in NaCl solutions, and the volume of hydrogen evolved during the tests was measured. In order to examine the negative-difference effect, a concept was developed to separate the hydrogen evolution (H.E.) on the passive surface and the H.E. inside the pits. An analysis of the volumetric data showed that the current density of H.E. inside the pits is much higher for Mg than for the AZ91HP alloy. With the assumption, that the ratio between the hydrogen reduction rate and the rate of the anodic metal dissolution, expressed by the factor k, does not change with the polarization, a k value of ca. 0.5 for pure Mg was found, while for the AZ91HP alloy this value was only ca. 0.3

Topics: magnesium, localized corrosion, AZ91HP alloy, negative-difference effect
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Year: 2003
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