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Physiological evaluation of heat stress in gestating sows under different housing systems in bedding and concrete floor

By Maria L. A. Nunes, Késia O. da S. Miranda, João M. B. A. de Faria, Afrânio M. C. Vieira and Irineu Arcaro Júnior


The purpose of this paper was to observe the use of bedding (wood shavings) in physiological variables that indicate thermal stress in gestating sows. The experiment was conducted in order to evaluate the effect of two types of floor (concrete and wood shavings). Worse microclimatic conditions were observed in bedding systems (P<0.05), with an increase in temperature and enthalpy of 1.14 ºC and 2.37 dry air-1, respectively. The floor temperature at the dirty area was higher in the bedding presence in comparison to its absence. In spite of the worse microclimatic conditions in the bedding, the rectal temperature did not differ significantly (P&gt;0.05) but the skin surface temperature was higher in the bedding systems. The same occurred with the respiratory rates. The physical characteristics of the floor material influenced the rate of heat loss by conductance. Estimated values were 35.04 and 7.99 W m-2 for the conductive heat loss between the animal and floor for treatments with or without bedding, respectively. The use of bedding in sow rearing has a negative impact on microclimatic conditions, what implies in thermoregulatory damages

Topics: Swine, thermal regulation, zootechnical installations
Publisher: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1590/s0100-69162014000100001
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