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Risk factors of mortality in nine years of follow-up after dynamic cardiomyoplasty

By Anderson Benício, Luiz Felipe P. Moreira, Fernando Bacal, Noedir A.G. Stolf and Sérgio A. Oliveira


PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the survival rate of patients that underwent dynamic cardiomyoplasty, determining the influence of pre-, intra- and post-operative factors and the evolution of left ventricle ejection fraction according to the stimulation mode. METHOD: Forty-three patients that underwent dynamic cardiomyoplasty between May 1988 and September 1997 were analyzed. Functional class III was predominant (81.4%). The mean left ventricle ejection fraction was 19.37 ± 3.48%. Hospital death was 2.2% and 39 patients who completed the conditioning period had a mean follow up of 46 ± 26 months. Twenty-eight patients were predominantly maintained under stimulation mode 1:1 and 11 under 1:2 stimulation mode. RESULTS: Survival rate at nine years of follow up was 9%. The causes of death were progression of the heart failure and sudden cardiac death. Functional class, the pulmonary vascular-resistance index and stimulation mode were identified as risk factors. The maintenance of the increase of the left ventricle ejection fraction when compared to the preoperative values was more consistent during the studied period when the graft was stimulated in the 1:2 mode. CONCLUSION: Late results of dynamic cardiomyoplasty are limited by the high incidence of deaths by progression of the heart failure and sudden cardiac death. Survival rate is influenced by the preoperative clinical condition and by the stimulation mode. Muscle graft performance is higher at late follow up with the 1:2 stimulation mode

Topics: Cardiomyopathy, Cardiomyoplasty/risk factors, Cardiomyoplasty/prognosis, Heart failure/surgery
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Year: 2003
DOI identifier: 10.1590/s0102-76382003000200009
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