Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Designing intelligent computer‐based simulations: A pragmatic approach

By Bernard Garrett and David Callear


This paper examines the design of intelligent multimedia simulations. A case study is presented which uses an approach based in part on intelligent tutoring system design to integrate formative assessment into the learning of clinical decision‐making skills for nursing students. The approach advocated uses a modular design with an integrated intelligent agent within a multimedia simulation. The application was created using an object‐orientated programming language for the multimedia interface (Delphi) and a logic‐based interpreted language (Prolog) to create an expert assessment system. Domain knowledge is also encoded in a Windows help file reducing some of the complexity of the expert system. This approach offers a method for simplifying the production of an intelligent simulation system. The problems developing intelligent tutoring systems are examined and an argument is made for a practical approach to developing intelligent multimedia simulation systems

Topics: LB Theory and practice of education, LC1022 - 1022.25 Computer-assisted Education
Publisher: University of Wales Press
Year: 2001
DOI identifier: 10.1080/0968776010090302
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1999). A self paced multimedia learning environment: facilitating the transition of graduating nurses into the workplace',
  2. (1997). A simulation that teaches clinical decision making in nursing', Nursing Informatics 1997: International Medical Informatics Association,
  3. (1994). An historical perspective and a model for evaluation of intelligent tutoring systems',
  4. (1999). An interactive multimedia-training simulator for responding to bomb threats', doi
  5. (1999). An Introduction to Expert Systems,
  6. (1990). Artificial Intelligence and Tutoring Systems: Computational and Cognitive Approaches to the Communication of Knowledge, doi
  7. (1994). Audio instruction in multimedia education: is textual redundancy important?',
  8. (1994). Barefoot multimedia, or, all is not what it seems Moriarty',
  9. (1997). Callear Designing intelligent computer-based simulations: a pragmatic approach Simms, doi
  10. (1992). Computerised clinical simulations: a strategy for staff development in critical care',
  11. (1985). Diagnostic reasoning in critical care nursing', doi
  12. (1980). Diagnostic strategies in diagnostic tasks', doi
  13. (1984). From Novice to Expert: Excellence and Power in Clinical Nursing Practice, doi
  14. (1987). Hypothesis evaluation: a component of diagnostic reasoning', Classification of Nursing Diagnosis: doi
  15. (1997). Integrating formative assessment into multimedia simulations for nursing',
  16. (1987). Intelligent computer aided instruction at the Open University',
  17. (1982). Intelligent Tutoring Systems, doi
  18. (1990). Intelligent tutoring systems: an overview', doi
  19. (1997). Learning formal representations in multimedia',
  20. (1998). Learning with technology: use of case based physical and computer simulations in professional education', doi
  21. (1999). Lifelike pedagogic agents for mixedinitiative problem solving in constructivist learning environments', User Modelling and User-Adapted Interaction doi
  22. (1999). Lifelike pedagogic agents for mixedinitiative problem solving in constructivist learning environments', User Modelling and User-Adapted Interaction (Netherlands), doi
  23. (1993). Mathematical Intelligent Learning Environments, doi
  24. (1995). Multimedia and the changing experience of the learner', doi
  25. (1997). Processes used by nurses to make decisions in the clinical practice setting', doi
  26. (1999). Reflective education for professional practice: discovering knowledge from experience', doi
  27. (1998). The competence of learning companion agents',
  28. (1995). The development of automated client responses to computerized clinical simulation testing',
  29. (1998). The use of a computerized brain atlas to support knowledge-based training in radiology', doi
  30. (1994). User modelling in the interactive anatomy tutoring system ANATOM-TUTOR', User Modelling and User Adapted Interaction, doi
  31. (1992). Using a computer simulation program to assess the decision making process in child health care',
  32. (1995). Using interactive video to add physical assessment data to computerbased patient simulations in nursing',
  33. (1999). Using networked simulation to assess problem solving by tactical teams', doi
  34. (1996). Using simulation to test critical thinking skills of nursing students', doi
  35. (1999). Web based multimedia case studies: ahead of our time?',

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.