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Remote sensing and GIS based assessment of water scarcity: a case study from Hambantota district, Sri Lanka.

By IP Senanayake, WDDP Welivitiya, PM Nadeeka, UGA Puswewala and DMDOK Dissanayake

Abstract

Sea level anomalies in the South China Sea are greatly influenced by interannual fluctuations. Studies have verified that mean sea level anomalies are negative during El Niño episodes and are positive during La Niña episodes. For this research, records of mean sea level anomalies from multiple satellite altimetry missions were obtained from the Radar Altimetry Database (RADS) web interface. The mean sea level anomalies were computed from 1991 to 2011, both for the entire Philippines and Bolinao, Pangasinan. To further illustrate the variability of sea level anomalies for the strong El Niño and La Niña years, prediction surfaces were generated from the satellite altimetry data using the Local Polynomial Interpolation method in ArcGIS. The distribution of sea level anomalies for the entire Philippines and Bolinao, Pangasinan for the strong El Niño (1991 and 1997) and La Niña (2001 and 2010) episodes were generated. Based on satellite altimetry, the approximate values of mean sea level rise for the Philippines and Bolinao, Pangasinan from 1991 to 2011 were 6.95 millimeters (0.00695 meters) and 7.28 millimeters (0.00728 meters), respectively. The estimated mean sea level anomaly for the entire Philippines from 1991 to 2011 is equivalent to 45.59 millimeters (0.04559 meters) and 38.51 millimeters (0.03851 meters) for Bolinao, Pangasinan. Mean sea level anomalies for the highly vulnerable provinces to climate and weather related risks were also calculated and the correlation between ENSO and mean sea level anomalies was further verified

Topics: satellite altimetry, mean sea level anomaly, El Niño and Southern Oscillatio
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:localhost:123/10312
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