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A recurrent de novo mutation in TMEM106B causes hypomyelinating leukodystrophy

By Cas Simons, David Dyment, Stephen J. Bent, Joanna Crawford, Marc D'Hooghe, Alfried Kohlschütter, Sunita Venkateswaran, Guy Helman, Bwee-Tien Poll-The, Christine C. Makowski, Yoko Ito, Kristin Kernohan, Taila Hartley, Quinten Waisfisz, Ryan J. Taft, Marjo S. van der Knaap and Nicole I. Wolf

Abstract

Hypomyelinating leukodystrophies are a heterogeneous group of disorders. Simons et al. identify four patients with brain hypomyelination and a remarkably benign clinical presentation, all with the same dominant missense mutation in TMEM106B encoding a protein involved in lysosomal trafficking. The findings emphasize the essential role that lysosomes play in myelination.See Zhou and Rademakers (doi:10.1093/brain/awx318) for a scientific commentary on this article. Hypomyelinating leukodystrophies are a heterogeneous group of disorders with a clinical presentation that often includes early-onset nystagmus, ataxia and spasticity and a wide range of severity. Using next-generation sequencing techniques and GeneMatcher, we identified four unrelated patients with brain hypomyelination, all with the same recurrent dominant mutation, c.754G > A p.(Asp252Asn), in TMEM106B. The mutation was confirmed as de novo in three of the cases, and the mildly affected father of the fourth affected individual was confirmed as mosaic for this variant. The protein encoded by TMEM106B is poorly characterized but is reported to have a role in regulation of lysosomal trafficking. Polymorphisms in TMEM106B are thought to modify disease onset in frontotemporal dementia, but its relation to myelination is not understood. Clinical presentation in three of the four patients is remarkably benign compared to other hypomyelinating disorders, with congenital nystagmus and mild motor delay. These findings add TMEM106B to the growing list of genes causing hypomyelinating disorders and emphasize the essential role lysosomes play in myelinatio

Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1093/brain/awx314
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Provided by: NARCIS
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