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The effect of plasma drug concentrations on HIV-1 clearance rate during quadruple drug therapy

By R. M. Hoetelmans, M. H. Reijers, G. J. Weverling, R. W. ten Kate, F. W. Wit, J. W. Mulder, H. M. Weigel, P. H. Frissen, M. Roos, S. Jurriaans, H. Schuitemaker, F. de Wolf, J. H. Beijnen and J. M. Lange


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between exposure to antiretroviral drugs and the initial decline of plasma HIV-1 RNA. DESIGN: Open-label study in antiretroviral-naive HIV-1 infected patients using a quadruple drug regimen [nelfinavir (NFV), saquinavir (SQV), stavudine, and lamivudine]. METHODS: The elimination rate constant (k) for HIV-1 clearance was calculated during the first 2 weeks of treatment in 29 patients. Exposure to NFV and SQV was quantified on each study visit. Observed NFV and SQV concentrations were related to those expected in a reference population and a concentration ratio was calculated. The median concentration ratios for NFV and SQV, the baseline CD4+ lymphocyte count and baseline log10 HIV-1 RNA were correlated with k. RESULTS: A significant positive correlation was observed between k and the median NFV (P = 0.001) or SQV concentration ratio (P = 0.016) in univariate analysis. In multivariate analyses, the median NFV concentration ratio remained significantly correlated with k. CONCLUSIONS: The variation in the rate of decline of plasma HIV-1 RNA between patients after the initiation of a quadruple drug regimen could be explained by differences in exposure to NFV or SQV. Determination of k could be used to optimise further antiretroviral drug therapy and may be a first tool to assess antiretroviral activities of new or increasing doses of drugs administered in combination regimens. Furthermore, our data suggest that exposure to antiretroviral drugs should be incorporated in mathematical models to describe HIV-1 dynamics in more detai

Year: 1998
DOI identifier: 10.1097/00002030-199811000-00002
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Provided by: NARCIS
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