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Testing the hypothesis of the influence of neutral turbulence on the deduction of ambipolar diffusivities from meteor trail expansion

By T. Aso, Chris Hall, M. Tsutsumi, S. Nozawa, A.H. Manson and C.E. Meek


Fading times of radar echoes from underdense meteor trails in the upper mesosphere/lower thermosphere are commonly used to determine ambipolar diffusivities and hence ambient temperature. Diffusivities are generally expected to increase exponentially with height through the region from which the meteor trail echoes are obtained, viz., typically 70-110km altitude for a ~30-MHz radar. In practice, however, this is more the exception: unexpectedly large diffusivities are obtained in the lower part of the regime, and unexpectedly low values are obtained in the upper part; only in the few kilometres on either side of the maximum in echo occurrence (viz., 90km for a 30-MHz radar) does the diffusivity profile behave as expected. Hall (2002) hypothesised that neutral turbulence might be enhancing expansion of the meteor trail in the lower part of the regime. In this communication, due to results only available since the publication of Hall's suggestion, we are able to refute the hypothesis

Topics: VDP::Matematikk og naturvitenskap: 400::Fysikk: 430, VDP::Matematikk og naturvitenskap: 400::Geofag: 450::Meteorologi: 453, atmospheric composition and structure, instrumentation and techniques, meterorology and atmospheric dynamics, turbulence, middle atmosphere dynamics
Publisher: European Geosciences Union
Year: 2005
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