Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

High temporal resolution monitoring of multiple pollutant responses in drainage from an intensively managed grassland catchment caused by a summer storm

By S. J. Granger, J. M. B. Hawkins, R. Bol, S. M. White, P. S. Naden, G. H. Old, G. S. Bilotta, R. E. Brazier, C. J. A. Macleod and P. M. Haygarth

Abstract

This work presents data on a suite of diffuse pollutants, monitored in a stream draining an intensively managed grassland on a 30 min time step during a period of intense rainfall to better understand their sources and pathways. Nitrite (92 mu g l(-1)), particulate phosphorus (107 mu g l(-1)) and soluble phosphorus (74 mu g l(-1)) exceeded environmental limits during base flow. Concentrations of nitrate and nitrite were decreased during the storm event, whereas all other pollutants generally increased and exceeded environmental limits where specified, especially when associated with a small subsidiary hydrograph on the rising limb of the main hydrograph. Total pollutants loads, when using a 60 min sampling frequency, would have led to significant over and under-estimations depending on which 60 min sample set was used. In the worst case, loads of ammonium could have been under-estimated by 35% or over estimated by 25% with errors being associated with loads on the rising limb of the hydrograph and more specifically a small subsidiary hydrograph. This subsidiary hydrograph may have occurred as a result of runoff from the farm hard standings within the catchment. Incidental transfer of pollutants associate with this runoff have masked the overall grassland pollutant response. To better understand these different source areas and pollutant dynamics, there is a need for novel tracing techniques to elucidate their relative contribution and pathways

Topics: Diffuse pollution Incidental transfer Phosphorus Sediment Ammonium Nitrate Nitrite Dissolved carbon water-quality problems grazed grassland phosphorus transfers farmed grasslands land-use nitrate sediment soil nitrite losses
Publisher: Springer Science Business Media
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1007/s11270-009-0083-z
OAI identifier: oai:dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk:1826/6884
Provided by: Cranfield CERES
Journal:

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2007). A perspective on the role of lowland, agricultural grasslands incontributing to erosion and water quality problems in the UK. doi
  2. (1975). A simplified phosphorus analysis technique. doi
  3. (2002). Ammonia toxicity in fish. doi
  4. (1970). Automatic methods for determining nitrate and nitrite in water and soil extract. doi
  5. (2005). Concerted diurnal patterns in riverine nutrient concentrations and physical conditions. doi
  6. (1991). Council directive of 12 doi
  7. (2001). Dissolved organic carbon losses from grazed grassland under different management regines. doi
  8. Eutrophication of Waters: Monitoring, Assessment and Control., Paris, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. doi
  9. (2008). Farmyards, an overlooked source for highly contaminated runoff. doi
  10. (1996). Flow and nutrient export patterns for an agricultural hill-land watershed. doi
  11. (1998). Forms of phosphorus transfer in hydrological pathways from soil under grazed land. doi
  12. (2005). High-resolution phosphorus transfers at the catchment scale: the hidden importance of non-storm transfers. doi
  13. (1991). Hydrological consequences of artificial drainage of grassland. doi
  14. (1995). Hydrology of soil types: a hydrologically based classification of the soils of the United Kingdom. Wallingford, Oxfordshire: Institute of Hydrology
  15. (1998). Hysteresis of the solute concentration/dischagre relationship in rivers during storms. doi
  16. (2003). Incidental phosphorus losses - are they significant and can they be predicted? doi
  17. (1995). Increase in soluble phosphorus transported in drainflow from a grassland catchment in response to soil phosphorus accumulation. Soil Use and doi
  18. (2000). Inorganic nitrogen in drainage water from grazed grassland in Northern Ireland. doi
  19. (1999). Measurement of solute fluxes in macroporous soils: techniques, problems and precision. doi
  20. (1996). Molybdate-reactive phosphorus losses in surface and drainage waters from permanent grassland. doi
  21. (1985). Nitrate behaviour in streamflow from a grassland catchment in Devon, doi
  22. (1986). Nitrate leaching from a small, underdrained, grassland, clay catchment. doi
  23. (1984). Nitrate leaching from grassland. doi
  24. (1993). Nitrate leaching from grazed lysimeters: effects of fertilizer input, field drainage, age of sward and patterns of weather. doi
  25. (2004). Nutrient transfer from soil to surface waters: differences between nitrate and phosphate. doi
  26. (1995). Occurrence of nitrite in the Lough Neagh river system. doi
  27. (1978). on the quality of fresh waters needing protection or improvement in order to support fish life (78/659/EEC).
  28. (2007). Processes affecting transfer of sediment and colliods, with associated phosphorus, from intensively farmed grasslands: erosion. doi
  29. (2007). Processes affecting transfer of sediment and colloids, with associated phosphorus, from intensively farmed grasslands: tracing sediment and organic matter. doi
  30. (2006). Processes affecting transfer of sediment and colloids, with32 associated phosphorus, from intensively farmed grasslands: an overview of key issues. doi
  31. (2001). Rapid incidental phosphorus transfers from grassland. doi
  32. (1998). Reactions of phosphorus with sediments in fresh and marine waters. Soil Use and Management., doi
  33. (2008). Rethinking the contribution of drained and undrained grasslands to sediment-related water quality problems. doi
  34. (1995). SEISMIC: a desktop information system for assessing the fate and behaviour of pesticides in the environment. doi
  35. (2008). Stream water chemistry and quality along an uplnad-lowland rural land-use continuum, south west England. doi
  36. (1980). Suspended, settleable and total dissolved solids in waters and effluents,
  37. (1984). The Berthelot or Indophenol reaction and its use in the analytical chemistry of nitrogen. doi
  38. (1990). The effect of land use on nitrogen, phosphorus and suspended sediment delivery to streams in a small catchment in southwest England.
  39. (2004). The fine structure of water-quality dynamics: the (high frequency) wave of the future. doi
  40. (2008). The soils of North Wyke and Rowden. Unpublished report to North Wyke Research, revised edition of original report by T.R. Harrod, Soil Survey of England and Wales
  41. (1986). Toxicity of nitrite to fish: a review. doi
  42. (1999). Transfer of phosphorus from agricultural soils. doi
  43. (2007). Uncertainties in annual riverine phosphorus load estimation: Impact of load estimation methodology, sampling frequency, baseflow index and catchment population density. doi
  44. (2008). Uncertainties in data and models to describe event dynamics of agricultural sediment and phosphorus transfer. doi
  45. (2008). United Kingdom daily precipitation intensity: improved early data, error estimates and an update from doi
  46. (2008). Water quality along a river continuum subject to point and diffuse sources. doi
  47. (2002). Water quality and sediment and nutrient export from New Zealand hill-land catchments of contrasting land use. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.