Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Assessing multiple novel tracers to improve the understanding of the contribution of agricultural farm waste to diffuse water pollution

By S. J. Granger, R. Bol, L. Dixon, P. S. Naden, G. H. Old, J. K. Marsh, G. Bilotta, R. Brazier, S. M. White and P. M. Haygarth

Abstract

A study was undertaken on drained and undrained 1 ha grassland lysimeters to assess the effectiveness of multiple novel tracing techniques in understanding how agricultural slurry waste moves from land to water. Artificial fluorescent particles designed to mimic the size and density of organic slurry particles were found to move off the grassland via inter-flow (surface + lateral through-flow) and drain-flow. Where both pathways were present the drains carried the greater number of particles. The results of the natural fluorescence and delta C-13 of water samples were inconclusive. Natural fluorescence was higher from slurry-amended lysimeters than from zero-slurry lysimeters, however, a fluorescence decay experiment suggested that no slurry signal should be present given the time between slurry application and the onset of drainage. The delta C-13 values of >0.7 mm and <0.7 mm material in drainage were varied and unrelated to discharge. The mean value of >0.7 mm delta C-13 in water from the drain-flow pathways was higher from the lysimeter which had received naturally enriched maize slurry compared to the lysimeter which received grass slurry indicating a contribution of slurry-derived material. Values of <0.7 mm delta C-13 from the same pathway, however, produced counter intuitive trends and may indicate that different fractions of the slurry have different delta C-13 values

Topics: natural-abundance measurements temperate grassland soil particle-size fractions dung-derived carbon organic-matter c-13 abundance clay soil phosphorus sediment drainage
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1039/b915929k
OAI identifier: oai:dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk:1826/6822
Provided by: Cranfield CERES
Journal:

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2000). A review of water quality concerns in livestock farming areas. doi
  2. (1975). A simplified phosphorus analysis technique. doi
  3. (1984). A study of mole drainage with simplified cultivation for autumn-sown crop on a clay soil. doi
  4. (1991). A tracer technique for the study of suspended sediment dynamics in aquatic environments.
  5. (2010). Assessment of natural fluorescence as a tracer of diffuse agricultural pollution from slurry spreading on intensely-farmed grasslands. doi
  6. Code of good agricultural practice for the protection of water,
  7. (2008). Combining biomarker with stable isotope analysis for assessing the transformation and turnover of soil organic matter. doi
  8. (2009). Controlling eutrophication: nitrogen and phosphorus. doi
  9. (2005). Detailed observations of littoral transport using artificial sediment tracer, in a high energy, rocky reef and iron sand environment. doi
  10. (2007). Fluorescence analysis of dissolved organic matter in natural, waste and polluted waters - a review. doi
  11. (2009). Fluorescence intensity calibration using the Raman scatter peak of water. doi
  12. (1991). Hydrological consequences of artificial drainage of grassland. doi
  13. (1995). Hydrology of soil types: a hydrologically based classification of the soils of the United Kingdom. Wallingford, Oxfordshire: Institute of Hydrology
  14. (1987). Natural 13C abundance as a tracer for studies of soil organic matter dynamics. doi
  15. (1999). Natural 13C abundance: a tool to trace the incorporation of dung-derrived carbon into soil particle-size fractions. doi
  16. (2002). Nitrate leaching following autumn and winter application of animal manures to grassland. Soil Use and doi
  17. (1993). Nitrate leaching from grazed lysimeters: effects of fertilizer input, field drainage, age of sward and patterns of weather. doi
  18. (1973). Observations on the soil-water regimes in a drained clay soil. doi
  19. (1993). Optical absorption spectra of waters from the Orinoco River outflow: terrestial input of coloured organic matter to the Caribbean. doi
  20. (1998). Organic manure phosphorus accumulation, mobility and management. doi
  21. (1993). Particle tracing experiment in a small shallow lake: Loe Pool,
  22. (2001). Phosphorus losses in subsurface flow before and after manure application to intensively farmed land. doi
  23. (1983). Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy, doi
  24. (2006). Processes affecting transfer of sediment and colloids, with associated phosphorus, from intensively farmed grasslands: an overview of key issues. doi
  25. (2007). Processes affecting transfer of sediment and colloids, with associated phosphorus, from intensively farmed grasslands: tracing sediment and organic matter. doi
  26. (2005). Quantification of dung carbon incorporation in a temporate grassland soil following spring application using bulk stable carbon isotope determinations. doi
  27. (2008). Rethinking the contribution of drained and undrained grasslands to sediment-related water quality problems. doi
  28. (2001). Rethinking what constitutes suspended sediment. doi
  29. (2001). Short-term sequestration of slurry-deriver carbon and nitrogen in temporate grassland soil as assessed by 13C and 15N natural abundance measurments. doi
  30. (1997). Sources and pathways of phosphorus loss from agriculture.
  31. (2007). Sources of phosphorus lost from a grazed pasture recieving simulated rainfall. doi
  32. (1980). Suspended, settleable and total dissolved solids in waters and effluents,
  33. (1980). The development and extension of Penman’s Evaporation formula. doi
  34. (1999). The isotopic fractionation of dung-derived C in water extracts from a temperate grassland soil. In: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Stabile Isotope,
  35. (2000). Tracing dung-derived carbon in temporate grassland using 13C natural abundance measurments. doi
  36. (2008). Uncertainties in data and models to describe event dynamics of agricultural sediment and phosphorus transfer. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.