Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The effect of social desirability on self reported and recorded road traffic accidents

By Anders E. af Wahlberg, Lisa Dorn and T. Kline

Abstract

The use of lie scales has a fairly long history in psychometrics, with the intention of identifying and correcting for socially desirable answers. This represents one type of common method variance (bias introduced when both predictors and predicted variables are gathered from the same source), which may lead to spurious associations in self-reports. Within traffic safety research, where self-report methods are used abundantly, it is uncommon to control for social desirability artifacts, or reporting associations between lie scales, crashes and driver behaviour scales. In the present study, it was shown that self-reports of traffic accidents were negatively associated with a lie scale for driving, while recorded ones were not, as could be expected if the scale was valid and a self-report bias existed. We conclude that whenever self-reported crashes are used as an outcome variable and predicted by other self-report measures, a lie scale should be included and used for correcting the associations. However, the only existing lie scale for traffic safety is not likely to catch all socially desirable responding, because traffic safety may not be desirable for all demographic groups. New lie scales should be developed specifically for driver behaviour questionnaires, to counter potential bias and artifactual results. Alternatively, the use of a single source of data should be discontinued. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved

Topics: Common method variance Social desirability DSDS Methodology Self-report Accident drivers behavior bias involvement violations substance scale
Publisher: Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.trf.2009.11.004
OAI identifier: oai:dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk:1826/5240
Provided by: Cranfield CERES
Journal:

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2007). A challenge to the assumed generalizability of prediction and countermeasure for risky driving: Different factors predict different risky driving behaviors. doi
  2. (1992). A meta-analytic review and empirical test of the potential confounding effects of social desirability response sets in organizational behaviour research. doi
  3. (1960). A new scale of social desirability independent of psychopathology. doi
  4. (2002). Aberrant driving behaviours amongst New Zealand truck drivers. doi
  5. (1974). An epidemiological study of serious traffic offenders. doi
  6. (2001). Are aggressive people aggressive drivers? A study of the relationship between self-reported general aggressiveness, driver anger and aggressive driving. Accident Analysis and Prevention, doi
  7. (2009). Bus driver accident record; the return of accident proneness. doi
  8. (2003). Can we trust self-reports of driving? Effects of impression management on driver behaviour questionnaire responses. doi
  9. (2008). Cognitive failures as predictors of driving errors, lapses, and violations. Accident Analysis and Prevention, doi
  10. (1959). Convergent and discriminant validation by the multitrait-multimethod matrix. doi
  11. (1998). Cross-cultural differences in drivers‟ self-assessments of their perceptual-motor and safety skills: Australians and Finns. Personality and Individual Differences, doi
  12. (2007). Culpable versus non-culpable traffic accidents; what is wrong with this picture? doi
  13. (2008). Designing a Psychometrically-Based Self Assessment to Address Fleet Driver Risk.
  14. (2003). Development and evaluation of a measure of dangerous, aggressive, negative emotional, and risky driving. doi
  15. (2005). Development of a psychometric measure of bus driver behaviour.
  16. (2005). Factors influencing the use of cellular (mobile) phone during driving and hazards while using it. Accident Analysis and Prevention, doi
  17. (1997). Impression management and self-deception in traffic behaviour inventories. doi
  18. (1995). Individual differences in accident risk: a review of findings and an examination of methods.
  19. (1985). Intoxicated and bad drivers: Subgroups within the same population of high-risk drivers. doi
  20. (1997). Predicting road traffic accidents: The role of social deviance and violations. doi
  21. (2003). Risk-mitigating beliefs, risk estimates, and selfreported speeding in a sample of Australian drivers. doi
  22. (2008). Self-assessment of driving skill - A review from a measurement perspective. doi
  23. (1997). Self-reported driving habits are valid predictors of violations and accidents. doi
  24. (2008). Socially desirable responding in personality assessment: Still more substance than style. doi
  25. (2003). Substance and bias in social desirability responding. doi
  26. (2008). The Dula Dangerous Driving Index: An investigation of reliability and validity across cultures. Accident Analysis and Prevention, doi
  27. (2005). The effects of social desirability bias on applied measures of goal orientation. doi
  28. (1996). The Five-factor model, conscientiousness, and driving accident involvement. doi
  29. (2008). The impact of social desirability bias on the EPQ-R item scores: An item response theory analysis. doi
  30. (2004). The relationships between organizational and individual variables to on-the-job driver accidents and accident-free kilometres. doi
  31. (1957). The Social Desirability Variable in Personality Assessment and Research. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.