Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The evaluation of the soil pressure distribution and carcass stiffness resulting from pneumatic agricultural tyres

By Paula Aleksandra Misiewicz


Introducing loads onto the soil via pneumatic tyred equipment is the major cause of compaction of agricultural soils, which causes damage to the soil-water-air-plant system. The degree of soil compaction is largely influenced by the loads applied to the soil and resulting surface and subsurface pressure. Therefore, this study was conducted in order to determine an effective method to measure the pressure distribution under a selection of pneumatic agricultural tyres on a hard surface and in the soil profile. As a result of this, it has been possible to evaluate the influence of tyre inflation pressure, load, ply rating and tread pattern on the resulting pressure. Also, the carcass stiffness of the tyres studied was determined and alternative methods to predict the carcass stiffness were evaluated and an improved technique was developed. Cont/d

Publisher: Cranfield University
Year: 2010
OAI identifier:
Provided by: Cranfield CERES

Suggested articles


  1. 1885, Application des potentiels á l‟étude de l‟équilibre et du mouvement des solides élastiques (Application of potential theory in a study of equilibrium and motion of elastic solids),
  2. 2006b, Reduction of soil compaction. Magnitude and distribution of stress in the contact area between wheel and soil. Report No. Markburg 127. The Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Tjele,
  3. (2004). A basic course in Statistics, Hodder Arnold Publication,
  4. (1974). A method for soil compactability determination, doi
  5. (1981). A method of predicting bulk density changes in field soils resulting from compaction by agricultural traffic, doi
  6. (1985). A review of force prediction methods for off-road wheels, doi
  7. (1996). A review on contact area measurement of pneumatic tyres on rigid and deformable surfaces, doi
  8. (1981). A simple deflection model for agricultural tyres, doi
  9. (2007). Accuracy of circular contact area measurements with thin-film pressure sensors, doi
  10. (1983). Agricultural soil mechanics: doi
  11. (1978). Agricultural tyres,
  12. (1985). An experimental central tyre inflation system,
  13. (1975). An extended octagonal ring transducer for use in tillage studies, doi
  14. (1999). An improved method for measuring tibiofemoral contact areas in total knee arthroplasty: a comparison of K-Scan sensor and Fuji film, doi
  15. (1974). An investigation into the mechanics of narrow tines in frictional soils, In:
  16. (2005). An investigation into the performance and development of a simple prediction model for the Spira-Lock anchor system, MSc thesis,
  17. (1960). Analysis of towed pneumatic tires moving in soft ground, U.S. Army OTAC, Land Locomotion Laboratory
  18. (2006). Calculating the contact area of farming trailer tyres in the field, doi
  19. (1997). Calibration problems encountered while monitoring stump/socket interface pressures with force sensing resistors: techniques adopted to minimise inaccuracies,
  20. (1985). Compaction by wheels: a numerical model for agricultural soils, doi
  21. (1976). Compaction of soil by agricultural equipment,
  22. (2005). Comparison of soil compaction below wheels and tracks, MSc by Research Thesis,
  23. (1986). Comparison of the effects of various levels of contact pressure on a yield of permanent grassland,
  24. (1981). Contact between the tire and roadway, In:
  25. (2006). Contact patch (footprint) phenomena, In: The Pneumatic Tire, doi
  26. (2002). Contact patch dynamics of pneumatic tyres in pure sand, Unpublished EngD. Thesis,
  27. (1990). Conventional, reduced ground pressure and zero traffic systems in ryegrass grown for silage, doi
  28. (2006). Correlation between tractive forces and soil stresses – a background for wheel – soil interaction modeling,
  29. (2004). Deflection and contact characteristics of a power tiller tyre,
  30. (1959). Determination of the deformation and the ground pressure parameters in soft ground,
  31. (2006). Distribution of vertical stress at the soil-tyre interface: effects of tyre inflation pressure and the impact on stress propagation in the soil profile, article in doi
  32. (1966). Draft, power efficiency and soil compaction characteristics of single, dual and low pressure tyres, doi
  33. (1934). Druckverteilung im Baugrunde (Formulas of Boussinesq), doi
  34. (1972). Dynamics of corn root growth as affected by compact subsoil and its influence on crop response to irrigation, Unpublished PhD thesis,
  35. (1986). Economic analysis of soil compaction due to machinery traffic, doi
  36. (1963). Effect of field machine compaction on soil physical properties and crop response, doi
  37. (2010). Effect of repeated passes of heavy agricultural machinery on soil structure and sugar beet growth in central Germany,
  38. (2010). Effects of basic tillage methods and soil compaction on corn production,
  39. (1989). Effects of dynamic and static loading on compaction of structured soils, doi
  40. (1989). Effects of dynamic load on normal soil-tire interface stresses. doi
  41. (1963). Effects of moisture and soil packers on consolidation and cloddiness of soil, doi
  42. (1987). Effects of soil and operational parameters on soil-tire interface stress vectors. doi
  43. (2006). Effects of tillage implements and vehicle loads on buried archeology,
  44. (1969). Effects of Time on Compaction of Soils by Rollers, Trans. doi
  45. (2002). Evaluation of a Sensor for Low Interface Pressure Applications, Medical Engineering doi
  46. (2009). Evaluation of the contact pressure distribution of a rear combine tyre on a hard surface,
  47. (2002). Evaluation of the WES-method in assessing the trafficability of terrain and the mobility of forest tractors,
  48. (2003). FEM analysis of subsoil reaction on heavy wheel loads with emphasis on soil preconsolidation stress and cohesion, doi
  49. (1992). Future research needs in soil compaction, doi
  50. (1987). Handbook of agricultural tyre performance,
  51. (1983). Hard surface contact area measurement for agricultural tyres,
  52. (2006). High Axle Load – Track – Tire Comparison, In: Advances in GeoEcology, Soil Management for Sustainability, edited by
  53. (2003). Horse power to traction power, doi
  54. (1965). Influence of particle size distribution in soil compaction, doi
  55. (2002). Influence of tyre inflation pressure on stress and displacement in the subsoil, in:
  56. (1986). Instrumentation to measure the deformation and contact stress of pneumatic tyres operating in soft soil,
  57. (1987). Instrumentation to study the force systems and vertical dynamic behaviour of soil-engaging implements, doi
  58. (1969). Introduction to terrain-vehicle systems, doi
  59. (1964). Les compacteurs a pneus en construction routiers, Annales de l‟Institut Technique du Batiment et des Travaux Public,
  60. (2005). Matlab software version 7.1, doi
  61. (1988). Measurement and analysis of normal longitudinal and lateral stresses in the wheel-soil contact area,
  62. (1991). Measurement of contact area, contact pressure, and compaction under tyres in soft soil, doi
  63. (2000). Measuring contact pressure and contact area in orthopedic applications: Fuji Film vs. doi
  64. (2006). Measuring vertical stress and displacement in two dimensions in soil during a wheeling event,
  65. (1995). Mechanics of soil compaction, In: Soane, doi
  66. (2010). Modelling effects of tyre inflation pressure on the stress distribution near the soi-tyre interface, doi
  67. (1969). Niektoré poznatky získané meraním napätia pôdy pod traktorovými kolesami (Some information obtained by soil stress measurement under tractor wheels),
  68. (1960). Off-the-road locomotion, doi
  69. (1984). On the contributions of ground pressure and vehicle mass to soil compaction for vehicles carrying high and low payloads,
  70. (2009). Personal consultation with Goodyear. doi
  71. (1995). Prediction of soil stresses beneath a rigid wheel, doi
  72. (2001). Pressure distribution underneath tires of agricultural vehicles, doi
  73. (2006). Prevention of traffic-induced subsoil compaction in Sweden: Experiences from wheeling experiments, doi
  74. (2003). Prosthetic socket interface pressures: Customized calibration technique for the TEKSCAN F-socket system, Summer Bioengineering Conference,
  75. (1994). Quantification of traffic systems in crop production, doi
  76. (1969). Radial and shear stress distribution under rigid wheels and pneumatic tyres operating on yielding soils with consideration of tyre deformation, doi
  77. (2010). Relationships of field traffic and tillage to corn yields and soil properties, doi
  78. (1958). Response of winter cover crops to soil compaction, doi
  79. (2010). Simulating soil deformation using a critical-state model: II. Soil compaction beneath tyres and tracks, doi
  80. (1994). Soil compactability and compressibility. doi
  81. (2006). Soil compaction and fertilization effect on weed community and nutrient uptake on spring barley field, article in
  82. (2004). Soil compaction and soil tillage – studies in agricultural soil mechanics, Doctoral Thesis, Agraria 489,
  83. (1983). Soil dynamics and the problems of traction and compaction,
  84. (1968). Soil dynamics in tillage and traction, doi
  85. (2006). Soil management for sustainability, doi
  86. (2006). Soil management for sustainability, Edited by Advances in GeoEcology, doi
  87. (1978). Soil mechanics for off-road vehicle engineering, 1 st edition, Trans Tech Publications,
  88. (1975). Soil mechanics for off-road vehicles, Trans Tech Publications,
  89. (2004). Soil precompression stress I: A survey of Swedish arable soils, doi
  90. (2004). Soil precompression stress II: A comparison of different compaction tests and stress-displacement behaviour of the soil during wheeling, doi
  91. (1966). Soil pressure measurements beneath tractor tyres, doi
  92. (2007). Soil reaction to heavily loaded rubber tracks and tyres, PhD thesis,
  93. (1982). Soil survey laboratory methods, Soil Survey doi
  94. (2001). Soil testing manual – procedures, classification data and sampling practices,
  95. (2010). Some comparison of average to peak soil-tire contact pressures, doi
  96. (1991). Strength and deformation of agricultural soil: Measurement and practical significance, doi
  97. (1960). Stress distribution in soils under tractor loads,
  98. (2006). Stress-deformation behavior of different soil horizons and their change in saturated hydraulic conductivity as a function of load,
  99. (1978). Structures or Why things don‟t fall down, doi
  100. (1994). Subsoil compaction by vehicles with high axle loadextent, persistence and crop response. Special Issue: Subsoil compaction by high axle load traffic. doi
  101. (1996). Super ellipse as tyre-ground contact area, doi
  102. (2004). Technical solutions to reduce the risk of subsoil compaction: effects of dual wheels, tandem wheels and tyre inflation pressure on stress propagation in soil, doi
  103. (2008). Techniques for estimating contact pressure resulting from loaded agricultural tyres, doi
  104. (2007). Techniques for estimating the equivalent pressure from tyre carcass stiffness, 495-502,
  105. (2004). Tekscan Sensors – Rail/Tie Interface Pressure Measurement in Railway Trackbeds,
  106. (2006). Tests of basic aspects of stress transmission in soil,
  107. (2008). The ability of agricultural tyres to distribute the wheel load at the soil-tyre interface, doi
  108. (1976). The determination of the deflection, contact area, dimensions and load carrying capacity for driven pneumatic tires operating on concrete pavement, doi
  109. (1987). The effect of different tyre/soil contact pressures on soil and crop responses when growing winter wheat: doi
  110. (1979). The effect of machinery traffic and tillage operations on the physical properties of a clay and on yield of silage corn, doi
  111. (2010). The effect of soil pressures generated by surface traffic as indicated by damage to buried archaeological artefacts, PhD thesis,
  112. (1952). The effect of tractors on volume weight and other soil properties,
  113. (2007). The effect of tyres and a rubber track at high axle loads on soil compaction, Part 1: Single axle-studies, doi
  114. (2010). The effects of reduced inflation pressure on soil-tyre interface stresses and soil strength,
  115. (2008). The effects of tyre size on soil deformation and soil bulk density changes, doi
  116. (1978). The empirical prediction of tractor-implement field performance, doi
  117. (1987). The ground pressure of agricultural tyres,
  118. (1984). The ground pressure of some agricultural tyres at low load and with zero sinkage, doi
  119. (2008). The nature and properties of soils, published by Prentice Hall, 14 th edition.
  120. (2006). The new science of strong materials, or, Why you don‟t fall through the floor, doi
  121. (1982). The prediction of forces acting on off-the-road wheels – a review, doi
  122. (1993). The prediction of tractive performance on soil surface, doi
  123. (1991). The stiffness of agricultural tractor tyres, doi
  124. (1991). The suspension characteristics of agricultural tyres, doi
  125. (1956). Theory of land locomotion: the mechanics of vehicle mobility,
  126. (1972). Tracked vehicle ground pressure and its effect on soft ground performance,
  127. (2002). Tractive performance of 4x4 tyre treads on pure sand, Unpublished EngD. Thesis,
  128. (1976). Tyre deflection and contact studies, doi
  129. (1994). USSR standards for agricultural mobile machinery: permissible influences on soil and methods to estimate contact pressure and stress at depth 0.5m, doi
  130. (2005). Validation of calibration techniques for Tekscan pressure sensors, doi
  131. (1988). Weather and other environmental factors influencing crop responses to tillage and traffic, doi
  132. (1965). Zur Theorie des Luftreifens,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.