Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

A computer graphics approach to logistics strategy modelling

By Q. Khan


This thesis describes the development and application of a decision support system for logistics strategy modelling. The decision support system that is developed enables the modelling of logistics systems at a strategic level for any country or area in the world. The model runs on IBM PC or compatible computers under DOS (disk operating system). The decision support system uses colour graphics to represent the different physical functions of a logistics system. The graphics of the system is machine independent. The model displays on the screen the map of the area or country which is being considered for logistic planning. The decision support system is hybrid in term of algorithm. It employs optimisation for allocation. The customers are allocated by building a network path from customer to the source points taking into consideration all the production and throughput constraints on factories, distribution depots and transshipment points. The system uses computer graphic visually interactive heuristics to find the best possible location for distribution depots and transshipment points. In a one depot system it gives the optimum solution but where more than one depot is involved, the optimum solution is not guaranteed. The developed model is a cost-driven model. It represents all the logistics system costs in their proper form. Its solution very much depends on the relationship between all the costs. The locations of depots and transshipment points depend on the relationship between inbound and outbound transportation costs. The model has been validated on real world problems, some of which are described here. The advantages of such a decision support system for the formulation of a problem are discussed. Also discussed is the contribution of such an approach at the validation and solution presentation stages

Publisher: Cranfield University
Year: 1990
OAI identifier:
Provided by: Cranfield CERES

Suggested articles


  1. (1982). A "An Interactive Graphics Method for Florian, M Road and Transit Planning", James-Lefebvre,
  2. A Branch and Bound Algorithm for Plant doi
  3. (1974). A Branch and Bound Procedure for Solving Warehouse Location Problems with Capacity Constraints ",
  4. (1979). A Capacitated Bottleneck Facility doi
  5. (1971). A Cost Minimisation Model for Warehouse Distribution Systems",
  6. (1978). A Dual-Based Procedure for Uncapacitated Facility Location", doi
  7. A Heuristic Method For Finding and Verma, A the Optimal Location and Size of Facilities with Variable Demands", Logistics and Transportation Reviews,
  8. A Primal Algorithm for Solving a and Saigal, R Capacitated Network Flow Problem with Additional Linear Constraints", doi
  9. A Warehouse Location Problem" doi
  10. An Analogue Solution of Generalized
  11. (1962). An Analytical Approach to Warehouses Location",
  12. (1988). An Animated Interactive Modelling Mckinnon, doi
  13. An Efficient Branch and Bound Algorithm
  14. (1966). An Outline of the Requirements for a Computer Aided Design System",
  15. (1963). And Index Based Method of Evaluating the Warehouse Location", Transportation Journal,
  16. (1971). Application of a new approach to depot delivery Quayle, N areas" doi
  17. (1988). Bricks and Mortar Plc ",
  18. (1970). Broadening and Unifying Market Logistics",
  19. (1973). Business Logistics Management, Englewood Cliffs, doi
  20. Computer Graphics as Decision Aids: Direction for Research",
  21. Configuration of Physical Distribution doi
  22. Development a Visual Interactive Model For and doi
  23. (1984). Displan: A Multi-product Plant/Warehouse Location Model With Nonlinear Inventory Costs", doi
  24. Distribution Strategy that Minimise doi
  25. Distribution System Analysis",
  26. Distribution Systems. Warehouse doi
  27. (1961). Economic Theory and Operations Analysis, doi
  28. Estimating and Auditing Aggregate Inventory Level at Multiple Stocking Points", doi
  29. Evaluation of Transport Costs for doi
  30. for Fixed-Cost Transportation Problems", doi
  31. (1989). Heuristics: Rules of Thumb For Logistics Decision Making",
  32. (1987). Integrated Logistics: A Competitive Weapon
  33. Interactive Computer Graphics doi
  34. Interactive Computer Graphics Solutions doi
  35. (1976). Interactive Simulation of Building Evacuation with Elevators",
  36. (1963). Linear Programming and Extensions, doi
  37. Locating Social Service Centres Using Interactive Graphics", doi
  38. (1978). Logistical Management, Second Edition,
  39. Logistics in its Marketing Context European", doi
  40. (1962). Marketing 7th Edition
  41. (1960). Marketing Definitions: A Glassy of Marketing terms Chicago: American Marketing Association,
  42. (1985). Microcomputer Graphics in Support of Duchessi, P Vehicle Fleet Routing", doi
  43. (1985). Modern Decision Making: A Guide to Modelling with Decision Support Systems, doi
  44. New Optimisation Method for Large Scale Glover, F Fixed Charge Transportation Problems", doi
  45. (1964). On Finding Integer Solutions to Linear
  46. Optimal Facility Location Under Random and Jain, doi
  47. (1985). Optimisation Models With Spreadsheet and Schrage, L Programs",
  48. Physical Distribution Planning with Simulation", Helferich, doi
  49. (1973). Potential Error in the Centre of Gravity Approach to Facility Location", Transportation Journal,
  50. (1987). Reducing the Logistics cost at general Burns, doi
  51. SEE WHY: Interactive Simulation on the Bright, J Screen",
  52. Sharp Lower Bounds and Efficient Algorithms for and Krarup, J the Simple Plant Location Problem", doi
  53. Simulation in Logistics: A Review of Present doi
  54. Simulation in Microcomputer", and Valentine,
  55. Site Location via mixed integer programming", doi
  56. (1966). Siting a Distribution Centre doi
  57. (1945). Spherical trigonometry",
  58. Spreadsheet Modelling has a Stepping Stone",
  59. The Distance Traveled to Visit N Points with a Maximum of C Stops per Vehicle: An Analytic Model and an Application ", doi
  60. The Lengths of Tours in Zones of Different Shapes", doi
  61. (1982). The Optimal Design of a Physical Distribution System on a Multi-commodity echelon Network", Ph. D Dissertation, The University of Tennessee, Knonwille,
  62. (1985). The Strategy of Distribution Management,
  63. (1985). Visual Interactive Modelling in Operational Research: Successes and Opportunities", doi
  64. Warehouse Location under Economies of Scale", doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.