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The impact of moderate and high intensity total body fatigue on passing accuracy in expert and novice basketball players

By Mark Lyons, Yahya Al-Nakeeb and Alan M. Nevill

Abstract

Despite the acknowledged importance of fatigue on performance in sport, ecologically sound studies\ud investigating fatigue and its effects on sport-specific skills are surprisingly rare. The aim of this study\ud was to investigate the effect of moderate and high intensity total body fatigue on passing accuracy in\ud expert and novice basketball players. Ten novice basketball players (age: 23.30 ± 1.05 yrs) and ten expert\ud basketball players (age: 22.50 ± 0.41 yrs) volunteered to participate in the study. Both groups performed\ud the modified AAHPERD Basketball Passing Test under three different testing conditions: rest, moderate\ud intensity and high intensity total body fatigue. Fatigue intensity was established using a percentage of the\ud maximal number of squat thrusts performed by the participant in one minute. ANOVA with repeated\ud measures revealed a significant (F 2,36 = 5.252, p = 0.01) level of fatigue by level of skill interaction. On\ud examination of the mean scores it is clear that following high intensity total body fatigue there is a\ud significant detriment in the passing performance of both novice and expert basketball players when\ud compared to their resting scores. Fundamentally however, the detrimental impact of fatigue on passing\ud performance is not as steep in the expert players compared to the novice players. The results suggest that\ud expert or skilled players are better able to cope with both moderate and high intensity fatigue conditions\ud and maintain a higher level of performance when compared to novice players. The findings of this\ud research therefore, suggest the need for trainers and conditioning coaches in basketball to include\ud moderate, but particularly high intensity exercise into their skills sessions. This specific training may\ud enable players at all levels of the game to better cope with the demands of the game on court and\ud maintain a higher standard of play

Topics: Squat thrusts, Ecological validity, Anaerobic Threshold, Fatigue, Basketball
Publisher: Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Year: 2006
OAI identifier: oai:wlv.openrepository.com:2436/14956
Journal:

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