Strontium Titanate-based Composite Anodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells


Surfactant-assisted infiltration of Gd-doped ceria (CGO) in Nb-doped SrTiO3 (STN) was investigated as a potential fuel electrode for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). An electronically conductive backbone structure of STN was first fabricated at high temperatures and then combined with the mixed conducting and electrochemically active nano-sized CGO phase at low temperatures. Symmetrical cell measurements at open circuit voltage (OCV), showed that the electrochemical activity was maintained or even improved compared to Ni/YSZ fuel electrodes. The novel electrode had an electrode polarization resistance of 0.12 Omegacm2 and 0.44 Omegacm2 in humidified H2 at 850 ºC and 650 ºC, respectively. In addition, the ceramic composite electrode was shown to be redox stable. The electrode was actually activated with redox cycles at 650 ºC. The ceramic electrode structure thus presents a potential solution to overcome some of the major limitations of the current Ni-YSZ cermet SOFC anodes

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This paper was published in Online Research Database In Technology.

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