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Measuring wave dynamics in IC engine intake systems

By M. F. Harrison and P. T. Stanev


Wave dynamics in the intake system are known to strongly influence the performance of naturally aspirated internal combustion (I.C.) engines. Detailed measurements of the wave dynamics are required to: optimise the performance of an engine, to validate the results of an engine performance simulation or to better understand the physics of the intake system. Five different methods for making such measurements are discussed in this paper. Four are based on different forms of pressure measurement and one uses hot wire anemometry. The different methods are investigated using results obtained on a single cylinder research engine. The different methods are used to produce measurements of fluctuating pressure and velocity as well as the specific acoustic impedance ratio of the intake pipe. Both time and frequency domain results are considered. The paper concludes that no single method is perfect or indeed universally applicable to all situations and in a typical investigation of wave action more than one method is likely to be used. The combined use of two methods, wave decomposition and an unusual bi-directional pitot-static tube, seems to offer a robust reliable and useful strategy for measuring wave dynamics in the intake pipe that should prove successful on most IC engines

Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1016/S0022-460X(03)00197-4
OAI identifier:
Provided by: Cranfield CERES

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