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Detecting trends in the prediction of the buried past: A review of geophysical techniques in archaeology.

By Christopher F. Gaffney

Abstract

noGeophysical survey techniques are a highly visible part of the scientific toolkit that is now\ud used by archaeologists. In this paper, the history of the use of geophysical techniques in\ud archaeology will be discussed, as will significant research themes associated with the most\ud widely used prospecting devices. It is apparent that while the use of geophysical techniques\ud is at an all-time high, there are many key areas where prospecting is rapidly developing.\ud Some of the advances relate to fundamental aspects of the techniques, while others dictate\ud how we undertake survey in the future. There is a movement away from pre-gridded survey\ud areas towards real-time GPS for navigation. This allows greater integration, or fusion, of\ud disparate data sources using visualization techniques derived from associated disciplines.\ud The analysis of landscapes has become a major component of the application of new technology\ud and there are many challenges to be tackled, including how to analyse and interpret\ud significant archaeology within large-scale, data-rich, multi-technique investigations. The\ud reflective nature of the review acknowledges the important role of\ud Archaeometry\ud in the\ud development of archaeological geophysics

Topics: Archaeological prospecting: Trends, Geophysical survey, Geophysical techniques: History, Archaeological investigation, Landscape analysis, Archaeometry, Magnetometry, Earth resistance, Resistivity, GPR, GPS, Visualization
Year: 2008
DOI identifier: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2008.00388.x
OAI identifier: oai:bradscholars.brad.ac.uk:10454/4697
Provided by: Bradford Scholars
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