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A Combined Modelling and Experimental Study of the Surface Energetics of a-Lactose Monohydrate

By A. Saxena, John Kendrick, Ian M. Grimsey, R. Roberts and Peter York

Abstract

NoThe surface energy of a-lactose monohydrate measured by inverse gas chromatography (IGC) is reported along with a dynamic molecular modelling study of the interaction of the various molecular probes with different surfaces of a-lactose monohydrate. The IGC results show that a-lactose monohydrate is acidic in nature. Using quantitative calculations of the energy of adsorption, the acidic nature of the surface is confirmed and the calculated values agree closely with the experimentally measured values. Along with the acidic nature, dynamic molecular modelling also reveals that the presence of a channel and water molecules on a surface affects the surface energetics of that face. The presence of water on the surface can decrease or increase the surface energy by either blocking or attracting a probe molecule, respectively. This property of water depends on its position and association with other functional groups present on the surface. The effect of a channel or cavity on the surface energy is shown to depend on its size, which determines whether the functional groups in the channel are assessable by probe molecules or not. Overall molecular modelling explains, at the molecular level, the effect of different factors affecting the surface energy of individual faces of the crystal

Topics: Lactose Monohydrate, IGC, Molecular Modelling, Surface Chemistry, Hydrate, Chromatography, Materials Science, Physicochemical Properties
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1002/jps.21864
OAI identifier: oai:bradscholars.brad.ac.uk:10454/4623
Provided by: Bradford Scholars
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