In order to efficiently utilize the scarce wireless resource as well as keep up\ud with the ever-increasing demand for Quality-of-Service (QoS) of multimedia\ud applications, wireless networks are undergoing rapid development and dramatic\ud changes in the underlying technologies and protocols. The Medium Access Control\ud (MAC) protocol, which coordinates the channel access and data transmission of\ud wireless stations, plays a pivotal role in wireless networks.\ud Performance modelling and analysis has been and continues to be of great\ud theoretical and practical importance in the design and development of wireless\ud networks. This research is devoted to developing efficient and cost-effective\ud analytical tools for the performance analysis and enhancement of MAC protocols in\ud Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) under heterogeneous multimedia traffic.\ud To support the MAC-layer QoS in WLANs, the IEEE 802.11e Enhanced Distributed\ud Channel Access (EDCA) protocol has proposed three QoS differentiation schemes\ud in terms of Arbitrary Inter-Frame Space (AIFS), Contention Window (CW), and\ud Transmission Opportunity (TXOP). This research starts with the development of\ud new analytical models for the TXOP scheme specified in the EDCA protocol under\ud Poisson traffic. A dynamic TXOP scheme is then proposed to adjust the TXOP\ud limits according to the status of the transmission queue. Theoretical analysis and\ud simulation experiments show that the proposed dynamic scheme largely improves\ud the performance of TXOP. To evaluate the TXOP scheme in the presence of\ud ii\ud heterogeneous traffic, a versatile analytical model is developed to capture the traffic\ud heterogeneity and model the features of burst transmission. The performance results\ud highlight the importance of taking into account the heterogeneous traffic for the\ud accurate evaluation of the TXOP scheme in wireless multimedia networks.\ud To obtain a thorough and deep understanding of the performance attributes of\ud the EDCA protocol, a comprehensive analytical model is then proposed to\ud accommodate the integration of the three QoS schemes of EDCA in terms of AIFS,\ud CW, and TXOP under Poisson traffic. The performance results show that the TXOP\ud scheme can not only support service differentiation but also improve the network\ud performance, whereas the AIFS and CW schemes provide QoS differentiation only.\ud Moreover, the results demonstrate that the MAC buffer size has considerable impact\ud on the QoS performance of EDCA under Poisson traffic. To investigate the\ud performance of EDCA in wireless multimedia networks, an analytical model is\ud further developed for EDCA under heterogeneous traffic. The performance results\ud demonstrate the significant effects of heterogeneous traffic on the total delay and\ud frame losses of EDCA with different buffer sizes. Finally, an efficient admission\ud control scheme is presented for the IEEE 802.11e WLANs based on analytical\ud modelling and a game-theoretical approach. The admission control scheme can\ud maintain the system operation at an optimal point where the utility of the Access\ud Point (AP) is maximized with the QoS constraints of various users
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