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A SECY HOMOLOG IN ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA - SEQUENCE OF A FULL-LENGTH CDNA CLONE AND IMPORT OF THE PRECURSOR PROTEIN INTO CHLOROPLASTS

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Abstract

Proteins are translocated across the thylakoid membrane by two distinct pathways in higher plant chloroplasts, one of which is related to prokaryotic Sec-dependent translocation mechanisms. SecY is an essential, hydrophobic component of the membrane-bound translocase complex in bacteria, and we report here the nucleotide sequence of a full-length cDNA encoding a homolog of SecY from Arabidopsis thaliana. The predicted protein of 551 residues includes an amino-terminal extension of approximately 120 residues when compared with other SecY proteins. The deduced sequence of the mature protein, cpSecY, is 41% identical with SecY from Synechococcus and 33% identical with the Escherichia coli protein. The extension serves to target the protein into chloroplasts; transcription-translation of the cDNA yields a 58-kDa precursor protein which is imported into pea chloroplasts, processed to a product of 46 kDa, and targeted into the thylakoid membrane

Topics: QD
Publisher: AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:19566
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