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Assessing the intake of obesity-related foods and beverages in young children: comparison of a simple population survey with 24 hr-recall

By Cheryl-Ann Bennett, Andrea M. de Silva-Sanigorski, Melanie Nichols, Andrew C. Bell and Boyd A. Swinburn


With an increasing focus on obesity prevention there is a need for simple, valid tools to assess dietary indicators that may be the targets of intervention programs. The objective of this study was to determine the relative validity of previous day dietary intake using a newly developed parent-proxy questionnaire (EPAQ) for two to five year old children. A convenience sample of participants (n = 90) recruited through preschools and the community in Geelong, Australia provided dietary data for their child via EPAQ and interviewer-administered 24-hour dietary recall (24 hr-recall). Comparison of mean food and beverage group servings between the EPAQ and 24 hr-recall was conducted and Spearman rank correlations were computed to examine the association between the two methods. Mean servings of food/beverage groups were comparable between methods for all groups except water, and significant correlations were found between the servings of food and beverages using the EPAQ and 24-hr recall methods (ranging from 0.57 to 0.88). The EPAQ is a simple and useful population-level tool for estimating the intake of obesity-related foods and beverages in children aged two to five years. When compared with 24-hour recall data, the EPAQ produced an acceptable level of relative validity and this short survey has application for population monitoring and the evaluation of population-based obesity prevention interventions for young children

Topics: obesity, dietary indicators, intervention programs, EPAQ, 24 hr-recall
Publisher: BioMed Central
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1186/1479-5868-6-71
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