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Diaspora Communities and Civil Conflict Transformation.

By Wolfram Zunzer

Abstract

YesThis working paper deals with the nexus of diaspora communities living in European\ud host countries, specifically in Germany, and the transformation of protracted violent\ud conflicts in a number of home countries, including Sri Lanka, Cyprus, Somalia and\ud Afghanistan. Firstly, the political and social role and importance of diaspora\ud communities vis-à-vis their home and host countries is discussed, given the fact that\ud the majority of immigrants to Germany, as well as to many other European countries,\ud over the last ten years have come from countries with protracted civil wars and have\ud thus had to apply for refugee or asylum status. One guiding question, then, is to\ud what extent these groups can contribute politically and economically to supporting\ud conflict transformation in their countries of origin. Secondly, the role and potentials\ud of diaspora communities originating from countries with protracted violent conflicts\ud for fostering conflict transformation activities are outlined. Thirdly, the current\ud conflict situation in Sri Lanka is analyzed and a detailed overview of the structures\ud and key organizations of the Tamil and Sinhalese diaspora worldwide is given. The\ud structural potentials and levels for constructive intervention for working on conflict\ud in Sri Lanka through the diasporas are then described. Fourthly, the socio-political\ud roles of diaspora communities originating from Cyprus, Palestine, Somalia and\ud Afghanistan for peacebuilding and rehabilitation in their home countries are\ud discussed. The article finishes by drawing two conclusions. Firstly, it recommends\ud the further development of domestic migration policies in Europe in light of current\ud global challenges. Secondly, it points out that changes in foreign and development\ud policies are crucial to make better use of the immense potential of diaspora\ud communities for conflict transformation initiatives and development activities in\ud their home countries. How this can best be achieved in practice should be clarified\ud further through intensified action research and the launch of more pilot projects.University of Bradford, Department of Peace Studies. Transformation of War Economies Project Working Paper

Topics: Diaspora communities, War economies, Transformation, Conflict, Refugees, Asylum, Sri Lanka, Germany, Tamil diaspora, Sinhalese diaspora, Cyprus, Somalia, Afghanistan
Publisher: Berghof Research Center for Constructive Conflict Management.
Year: 2004
OAI identifier: oai:bradscholars.brad.ac.uk:10454/4186
Provided by: Bradford Scholars
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