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Design concepts and analysis of a semi-active steering system for a passenger car

By Masri B. Baharom, Khalid Hussain and Andrew J. Day


YesThe fundamentals and preliminary analyses of an innovative future technology referred\ud to as `semi-active steering' (SAS) are presented in this article. The proposed steering system\ud configuration is similar to a conventional electrical power-assisted steering with the replacement\ud of the rigid steering shaft with a low stiffness resilient shaft (LSRS), the presence of which allows\ud `active control┬┐ to be performed on vehicles similar to the concept of full steer-by-wire (SBW).\ud But, unlike SBW, the LSRS is an integral part of the system characteristics. The advantages of the\ud semi-active system in comparison with SBWand other conventional systems are demonstrated.\ud A mathematical model to predict the mechanical properties of the LSRS has been developed, and\ud experiments were conducted on a medium-sized car fitted with an LSRS to verify that vehicle\ud stability and drivability can be ensured in the event of active system failure. The results have\ud indicated that the vehicle was stable and safe to be driven at low speeds, and is predicted to\ud be driveable and safe at higher speeds. It is concluded that an SAS system of this type has the\ud potential to improve the safety of SBW systems

Topics: Steer-by-wire, ; Simulation, ; Safety, ; Stability, ; Automotive drivability, ; Semi-Active Steering; SAS, ; Automobile steering
Year: 2009
OAI identifier:
Provided by: Bradford Scholars

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