In this dissertation we study multiscale methods for slowly varying porous media, fluid and solid coupling, and application to geomechanics. The thesis consists of three closely connected results. We outline them and their relation. First, we derive a homogenization result for Stokes flow in slowly varying porous media. These results are important for homogenization in deformable porous media. Traditionally, these techniques are applied to periodic media, however, in the case of Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) slowly varying domains occur naturally. We then develop a computational methodology to compute effective quantities to construct homogenized equations for such media. Next, to extend traditional geomechanics models based primarily on the Biot equations, we use formal two-scale asymptotic techniques to homogenize the fully coupled FSI model. Prior models have assumed trivial pore scale deformation. Using the FSI model as a fine-scale model, we are able to incorporate non-trivial pore scale deformation into the macroscopic equations. The primary challenge here being the fluid and solid equations are represented in different coordinate frames. We reformulate the fluid equation in the fixed undeformed frame. This unified domain formulation is known as the Arbitrary Lagrange-Eulerian (ALE). Finally, we utilize the ALE formulation of the Stokes equations to develop an efficient multiscale finite element method. We use this method to compute the permeability tensor with much less computational cost. We build a dense hierarchy of macro-grids and a corresponding collection of nested approximation spaces. We solve local cell problems at dense macro-grids with low accuracy and use neighboring high accuracy solves to correct. With this method we obtain the same order of accuracy as we would if we computed all the local problems with highest accuracy
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