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Effect of component stiffness and deformation on vehicle lateral drift during braking

By N. Mirza, Khalid Hussain, Andrew J. Day and J. Klaps


This article presents a simulation study into effects of compliant (flexible) components\ud (such as the engine subframe and the lower control arm) and their deflections on the characteristics\ud of a vehicle experiencing steering drift during straight-line braking. The vehicle front and\ud rear suspension are modelled using multi-body dynamic analysis software. The front suspension\ud model represents theMacPherson strut design of the vehicle and includes a rack and pinion steering\ud system, brake system, engine subframe, and a powertrain unit. The model has been analysed\ud under two steering control methods: fixed and free control. Suspension characteristics and the\ud effect of deflections arising from the subframe and the lower control arm on these suspension\ud characteristics have been analysed.\ud The simulations confirmed that variation of component stiffness and interactions within components\ud give rise to side-to-side deflections that could affect lateral drift during braking. It is\ud concluded that side-to-side variation of suspension characteristics can have a detrimental effect\ud on lateral drift during braking and that compliant components whose stiffness varies from side\ud to side can cause different side-to-side deflections that can induce and influence variation in\ud suspension characteristics such as toe steer angle that can lead the vehicle during braking

Topics: Automatics Dynamics Analysis of Mechanical System; ADAMS, ; Multi-body dynamics, ; Braking, ; Steering, ; Drift, ; Compliance, ; Deflections, ; Suspension
Year: 2009
OAI identifier:
Provided by: Bradford Scholars

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