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Models of transcription factor binding: Sensitivity of activation functions to model assumptions

By Dominique Chu, Nicolae Radu Zabet and Boris Mitavskiy

Abstract

We present three models of how transcription factors (TFs) bind to their specific binding sites on the DNA: a model based on statistical physics, a Markov-chain model and a computational simulation. Comparison of these models suggests that the effect of non-specific binding can be significant. We also investigate possible mechanisms for cooperativity. The simulation model suggests that direct interactions between TFs are unlikely to be the main source of cooperativity between specific binding sites, because such interactions tend to lead to the formation of clusters on the DNA with undesirable side-effects

Topics: QA76
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:kar.kent.ac.uk:24077

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