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On-line dynamic optimization and control strategy for improving the performance of batch reactors

By Iqbal M. Mujtaba, A. Arpornwichanop and P. Kittisupakorn

Abstract

NoSince batch reactors are generally applied to produce a wide variety of specialty products, there is a great deal of interest to enhance batch operation to achieve high quality and purity product while minimizing the conversion of undesired by-product. The use of process optimization in the control of batch reactors presents a useful tool for operating batch reactors efficiently and optimally. In this work, we develop an approach, based on an on-line dynamic optimization strategy, to modify optimal temperature set point profile for batch reactors. Two different optimization problems concerning batch operation: maximization of product concentration and minimization of batch time, are formulated and solved using a sequential optimization approach. An Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) is incorporated into the proposed approach in order to update current states from their delayed measurement and to estimate unmeasurable state variables. A nonlinear model-based controller: generic model control algorithm (GMC) is applied to drive the temperature of the batch reactor to follow the desired profile. A batch reactor with complex exothermic reaction scheme is used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. The simulation results indicate that with the proposed strategy, large improvement in batch reactor performance, in term of the amount of a desired product and batch operation time, can be achieved compared to the method where the optimal temperature set point is pre-determined

Topics: Robust control, Exothermic reaction, Algorithm, Modelling, Non-linear model, State variable, Klaman filter, Reaction product, Purity, Reactor, Batchwise, Optimisation
Year: 2005
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.cep.2004.04.010
OAI identifier: oai:bradscholars.brad.ac.uk:10454/3118
Provided by: Bradford Scholars
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