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Capabilities of potential vision test measurements - clinical evaluation in the presence of cataract or macular disease.

By Marta Vianya-Estopa, William A. Douthwaite, B.A. Noble and David B. Elliott

Abstract

NoPurpose\ud To determine the usefulness of a battery of potential vision tests (PVTs) including potential acuity meter (PAM), laser interferometer (LI), critical flicker/fusion frequency (CFF), superilluminated pinhole at distance (SPHd) and near (SPHn), and optimal reading speed (ORS) by their independence of the effects of cataracts and sensitivity to macular disease (MD).\ud \ud Setting\ud Department of Optometry, University of Bradford, Bradford and Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, United Kingdom.\ud \ud Methods\ud Potential vision test measurements were determined in 76 patients with age-related cataract and no other eye disease, 52 patients with MD and clear ocular media, and 28 patients with normal, healthy eyes.\ud \ud Results\ud Potential vision tests were independent of the degrading effects of cataract up to a visual acuity (VA) level of 20/200 or worse (CFF), 20/125 (ORS and SPH), and 20/40 (PAM and LI). A high degree of association was found between PVT scores and distance VA in the MD group for SPHd (r2 = 0.93), SPHn (r2 = 0.89), and PAM (r2 = 0.71). A moderate correlation was found for LI (r2 = 0.55), CFF (r2 = 0.50), and ORS (r2 = 0.45).\ud \ud Conclusions\ud Potential acuity meter and LI showed very limited independence to moderate/dense cataracts and inaccurate predictions in patients with MD. Superilluminated pinhole was relatively unaffected by moderate/dense cataract and yet provided accurate predictions in the presence of MD and clear ocular media. Critical flicker/fusion frequency showed the greatest ability to bypass cataracts, although its ability to predict VA in patients with early MD was limited. The ORS was relatively unaffected by moderate/dense cataract, but its poor ability to predict VA in MD may limit its clinical suitability as a PVT

Topics: Potential vision tests, PVTs, Cataracts, Macular disease
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2006.01.111
OAI identifier: oai:bradscholars.brad.ac.uk:10454/3812
Provided by: Bradford Scholars
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