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Galois quantum systems, irreducible polynomials and Riemann surfaces

By Apostolos Vourdas

Abstract

NoFinite quantum systems in which the position and momentum take values in the Galois field GF(p), are studied. Ideas from the subject of field extension are transferred in the context of quantum mechanics. The Frobenius automorphisms in Galois fields lead naturally to the "Frobenius formalism" in a quantum context. The Hilbert space splits into "Frobenius subspaces" which are labeled with the irreducible polynomials associated with the yp¿y. The Frobenius maps transform unitarily the states of a Galois quantum system and leave fixed all states in some of its Galois subsystems (where the position and momentum take values in subfields of GF(p)). An analytic representation of these systems in the -sheeted complex plane shows deeper links between Galois theory and Riemann surfaces. ©2006 American Institute of Physic

Topics: Quantum theory, Hilbert spaces, Polynomials, Galois fields
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:bradscholars.brad.ac.uk:10454/2775
Provided by: Bradford Scholars
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