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Calcium-activated butyrylcholinesterase in human skin protects acetylcholinesterase against suicide inhibition by neurotoxic organophosphates.

By Karin U. Schallreuter, Nick C. Gibbons, Souna M.A. Elwary, Susan M. Parkin and John M. Wood

Abstract

NoThe human epidermis holds an autocrine acetylcholine production and degradation including functioning membrane integrated and cytosolic butyrylcholinesterase (BuchE). Here we show that BuchE activities increase 9-fold in the presence of calcium (0.5 × 10-3 M) via a specific EF-hand calcium binding site, whereas acetylcholinesterase (AchE) is not affected. 45Calcium labelling and computer simulation confirmed the presence of one EF-hand binding site per subunit which is disrupted by H2O2-mediated oxidation. Moreover, we confirmed the faster hydrolysis by calcium-activated BuchE using the neurotoxic organophosphate O-ethyl-O-(4-nitrophenyl)-phenylphosphonothioate (EPN). Considering the large size of the human skin with 1.8 m2 surface area with its calcium gradient in the 10¿3 M range, our results implicate calcium-activated BuchE as a major protective mechanism against suicide inhibition of AchE by organophosphates in this non-neuronal tissu

Topics: Human epidermis, Hydrogen peroxide, Acetylcholinesterase, Calcium, EF-hand, Organophosphates, Butyrylcholinesterase
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2007.02.078
OAI identifier: oai:bradscholars.brad.ac.uk:10454/2691
Provided by: Bradford Scholars
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