Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Rational inference: deductive, inductive and probabilistic thinking

By R. J. Ormerod

Abstract

The paper reviews three modes of rational inference: deductive, inductive and probabilistic. Many examples of each can be found in scientific endeavour, professional practice and public discourse. However, while the strengths and weaknesses of deductive and inductive inference are well established, the implications of the emerging probabilistic orientation are still being worked through. The paper discusses some of the recent findings in psychology and philosophy, and speculates about the implications for scientific and professional practice in general and OR in particular. It is suggested that the probabilistic orientation and Bayesian approach can provide an epistemological lens through which to view the claims of different approaches to inference. Some suggestions for further research are made. Journal of the Operational Research Society (2010) 61, 1207-1223. doi: 10.1057/jors.2009.96 Published online 26 August 200

Topics: HD28
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Ltd.
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1057/jors.2009.96
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:5502
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/jors... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.