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A study of the quadratic molecular stress function constitutive model in simulation

By Peter Olley

Abstract

Constitutive models that conform to separable KBKZ specification have been shown to fit steady-state strain hardening rheological data in planar and uniaxial elongational flows, but with inaccuracy in the rate of strain hardening. The single parameter Molecular Stress Function model of Wagner [Rheol. Acta, 39 (2000), 97-109] has been shown to accurately fit the rise-rate in experimental data for a number of strain hardening and strain softening materials. We study this models accuracy against the well characterised IUPAC LDPE data, and present a method for full implementation of this model for flow solution which is suitable for incorporating into existing separable KBKZ software. A new method for particle tracking in arbitrarily aligned meshes, which is efficient and robust, is given.\ud The Quadratic Molecular Stress Function (QMSF) model is compared to existing separable KBKZ based models, including one which is capable of giving planar strain hardening; the QMSF is shown to fit experimental rheological and contraction flow data more convincingly. The issue of `negative correction pressures┬┐ notable in some Doi-Edwards based models is addressed. The cause is identified, and leads to a logical method of calculation which does not give these anomalous results

Topics: Molecular Stress Function, MSF, Stress, Strain Hardening, KBKZ, Negative Correction Pressure
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.jnnfm.2004.11.005
OAI identifier: oai:bradscholars.brad.ac.uk:10454/522
Provided by: Bradford Scholars

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