[[abstract]]Since the 20st century, the higher and open education in Asia has undergone a significant change. The rapid economic development raised the needs of well-trained labor force. In the 21st century, a more ambitious goal – to build up world-class universities has been determined. Several universities in Asia keenly pursue the top ranking in academic performance among the worldwide universities. Obviously, the quantity and quality of higher education has become the foci in Asia. Similar pattern is found in Taiwan. The state monopolized the provision and regulation of higher education in the past and opened the university access after the 1990s. The number of institutions and student enrollment goes up rapidly. As a result, the supply of higher education goes far beyond the demand. In such circumstance, how to manage the institutions efficiently and ensure all students receive high quality of services become main concerns. The intent of this presentation is to discuss the challenges of higher and open education encountered in Taiwan and the strategies for quality assurance. In addition to the oversupply, the challenges are high competition on limited educational resource, the balance between self- governance and recentralization, and concerns of educational equality. Several initiatives have been taken and some have significant influences on university governance, student’s performance as well as faculty’s academic promotion, while for certain strategies, a thorough consideration of the supplementary measures are needed to increase the possibility of success. In sum, moving toward the excellence will be continuous foci of Taiwan’s higher education in the future.
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