[[abstract]]This research aimed at studying junior college students' computer literacy and finding out the factors affecting its development and cultivation. After thorough analysis, strategies were proposed to improve students' computer literacy. This research was a descriptive research and used questionnaire survey to collect data related to the current situation of junior college students' computer literacy. After literature review was conducted to understand the content of computer literacy that junior college students should possess and to find out possible factors, a questionnaire was designed. After a pilot test, the questionnaire was finalized and composed of three parts: factors, a test in computer literacy (composed of computer cognition and skills), and an inventory of attitude towards computer (composed of computer confidence, liking computers and computer anxiety). In order to collect more research data, a questionnaire survey system was designed and produced by commissioned experts. The system was run on-line on 36 schools, 29 of which responded. A total of 3, 417 effective questionnaires were returned, accounting for 80% of the total questionnaires distributed. The statistical methods used in this research included means, standard deviation, reliability analysis, factor analysis, product correlation and one-way MANOVA. The main conclusions reached in this research are as follows. 1. There are four factors that influence junior col1ege students' computer literacy: (a) Individual background: gender, subject of study, mother's educational level; (b)Computer background: number of program learned, number of system software used, applied software used, computer training program taken outside school, number of computer-related magazine read; (c) Computer environment at home: parents' attitude towards the study of computers, the possession of PC at home; (d) Habit of using computer: time spent on computer after school every week, major purpose of using computer, major purpose of using Internet, experience in designing personal web page. 2. The three strategies for upgrading students' computer literacy are as follows: (a) enriching the content of computer courses; (b) establishing parent's correct attitude towards computer learning; (c) expending students' usage of computer. Finally, this research proposed suggestions on how to upgrade junior college students' computer literacy for parents, schools and educational administrative agencies based on the discoveries and conclusions in the research. The research also suggested a follow-up study be conducted in the future.