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A Study of Teacher Education in England since 1945 to 2010

By 周愚文


[[abstract]]After World War II, Great Britain lost her super power status, which was replaced by USA and USSR. As to the educational system in England after 1945, it was under the structure of 1944 Education Act. During the 1960s, some great changes were happened. The ideas of child-centered education were adopted by the Plowden Report, which made the innovation of primary education. The Labour Party promoted the Comprehensive Schools to replace the tripartite system of secondary education since 1945. The Robbins Report recommended the expansion of higher education and reform of teacher education. Since 1979, Conservative party took power; the ideas of neo-liberalism, free market and central control were introduced. Until 1988, Education Reform Act 1988 made a great change on structure and curriculum. After 1997, Labour party took office again, but it still followed the Conservative policies. Those policies had great influence on the teacher education. The main purpose of this project is to inquire the development and innovation of teacher educational system in England in the second half of the twentieth century, which was on the basis of the findings of two previous research on modern English education(1780-1944, 1945-2010) by author. And then it is to analyze the influential factors on teacher education. The study adopts historical approach. First-hand and second-hand sources are used. The main contents will include the five parts: background, 1945-1979, 1979-1997, 1997-2010, analysis and discussion. Some suggestions will be made.

Topics: [[classification]]12
Year: 2012
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