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The Efficiency of School Physical Education Administrative Organization in Taiwan – A Study of Universities and Colleges

By 許振明 and Jen-ming Shiu


[[abstract]]Abstract The purposes of this study were to analyze the connotation and state of the efficiency of physical education administrative organization in universities and colleges, also, to compare the cognitive difference about organizational efficiency of members and to understand the correlation between variables; meanwhile, to test and verify the efficiency model of the physical administration in universities and colleges. Theoretically, by the viewpoint of open system, the researcher used the integration model of organizational efficiency evaluation and Delphi’s method to explore the connotation of the efficiency of school physical education administrative organization, and concluded the hypothesis model of the study. Practically, the researcher investigated members of all the one hundred and sixty universities and colleges in Taiwan through questionnaire. And the number of effective questionnaire was eight hundred and twenty. Descriptive Statistic, one-way ANOVA, MANOVA, canonical correlation, path diagram and Structural Equation Model (SEM) were used to compute data. And the results showed: 1. Sport facilities and environment, human resource, physical education founds, organizational structure, administrative leadership, organizational culture, organizational commitment, management of organizational conflict, teaching efficiency, working satisfaction, working efficiency and service quality were all important specificities and connotations of the efficiency of school physical education administrative organization. The efficiency of all dimensions was only at the middle and upper level; therefore, the administrators should try to improve this situation so that to enhance the efficiency of all. 2. There were differences among organization members. The organizational efficiency cognition of who were not formally employed or high school educational background was lower than that of administrators and teachers. The satisfaction with administrative leadership and working of female was lower than that of male. The cognition of members belonged to public schools, colleges, second-class organization or schools without departments in relation to physical education/ sports were less then those who belonged to first-class organization or schools with departments in relation to physical education/ sports. Generally speaking, the administrators must square up to the personal needs and goals of members with lower educational background or position and pay attention to the issues about female rights, so as to get more resources and smooth the organizational operation. 3. There were canonical correlation among input, process and output of the efficiency of school physical education administrative organization. Main factors that influenced the organizational efficiency in universities and colleges were sport facilities and environment, human resource, physical education founds, and administrative leadership was the intermediate factor of it. For that reason, the administrators should reinforce the connection of variables and draft specific plans according to the results of path diagram that they could raise the efficiency and synergy of the organization. 4. After modifying, all the fit indexes of the hypothesis model were good except the RMR (root mean square residual). This result revealed that the fit degree between path diagram and collected data was perfect and the efficiency model of the physical education administration in universities and colleges was supported by statistics.

Topics: 學校體育行政組織;組織效能;結構方程模式, school physical education administrative organization;organizational efficiency;Structural Equation Model (SEM), [[classification]]59
Year: 2011
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