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The Study of Causes of Peer Conflicts, Goals of Conflict Resolutions, and Strategies to Resource Conflicts Depicted in Picture Books

By 蘇玉枝

Abstract

[[abstract]]This study aims to understand how picture books published in Chinese relate causes of peer conflicts, goals of conflict resolutions, and strategies to resolve conflicts. The study also intends to understand cultural differences in how authors of different countries depict relationship among causes of peer conflicts, goals of conflict resolutions, and strategies to resolve resolutions. Samples of the study include 50 picture books written by Asian (including Taiwanese) and Western authors. Content analyses and Chi square analyses were carried out to discern the correlation among three variables (causes of peer conflicts, goals of conflict resolutions, and strategies to resolve conflicts) and to understand the cultural differences. The major findings are as following. 1.Types of cause of peer conflict, goals of conflict resolution, and strategies to resolve conflicts: (1)The most frequent cause of conflict is “different value judgment,” followed by “violating rules,” and “fighting for power.” “Physical conflict” does not appear. (2)The most frequent goal of conflict resolution is “satisfying personal needs,” followed by “invoking sadness of peers,” and “empathy.” (3)The most frequent strategy to resolve conflicts is “assertion in language,” followed by “pro-social behaviors,” and “physical strategy.” “Bribing” occurs least. 2.Causes of peer conflicts and strategies to resolve conflicts significantly correlate. 3.Goals of conflict resolutions and strategies to resolve conflicts also significantly correlate. 4.There is no significant correlation between culture and causes of peer conflicts. However, there is significant correlation between culture and goals of conflict resolution, and between culture and strategies to resolve conflicts. The implications of the findings to educators and parents are also discussed in the study.

Topics: 同儕衝突;圖畫書;幼兒, peer conflict;picture books;young children, [[classification]]18
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:ir.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:309250000Q/75100
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