[[abstract]]The aim of this study is to probe into the therapeutic behavior and its related factors of tuberculosis patients in a regional hospital. Patients who were diagnosed as tuberculosis and validated through Communicable Disease Reporting System from March 1 to May 31, 2010 were included as study subjects. Survey was conducted with questionnaire developed pursuant to the research framework of the study which including demography, disease status, knowledge about tuberculosis, self-efficacy on cure and prevention and treatment behavior. Eighty patients were included in this study. The main findings of this study are as followings： 1. Those who have job have better knowledge than those who do not. 2. The experience of discontinuation of the treatment did not affect interviewees’ knowledge about tuberculosis and self-efficacy of cure significantly though. It is correlated to the prevention and treatment behavior of the interviewee significantly. Those who have experience of discontinuation of treatment performed more negatively. 3. Self-efficacy poses positive impact on prevention and treatment behavior. Study subjects with higher self-efficacy score have better performance on prevention and treatment behavior.
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