[[abstract]] The purpose of this study was to asses the knowledge, attitude, behavior intention and the related factors concerning with caring of short stature students by elementary school nurses in Yunlin County. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Totally, one hundred and twenty-three valid questionnaires were returned (78.3%). Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, Pearson product-moment correlation, and Regression analysis. The main findings of the study were as follows: 1. The score of knowledge regarding short stature was 17.5（the full marks was 21）indicating that knowledge of the subjects was good. 2. Attitude toward short stature students’ caring was quite positive. 3. Behavior intention of subjects toward caring short stature students was quite strong. 4. There were positive relationships among knowledge, attitude and behavior intention toward caring short stature students. 5. Totally, 54.8% of the variance of behavior intention toward caring short stature students was explained by demographic factors, experience, school factors, knowledge, and attitude toward caring short stature students. The influential factors were attitude toward caring short stature students, ratio of nurses and students, and age. 6. The challenges for taking care of short stature students were inadequate knowledge of parents, the disproportionate medical resources, lack of continuing education, and insufficient support from school staff. According to the results, we recommend that cultivating positive attitude toward short stature student’s caring in order to promote behavior intention of school nurses. The administration should increase parent knowledge, provide more medical resources, and enhance support from staff.
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