[[abstract]] The purposes of this study were to investigate the background factors that impact on the sleep quality of junior high school students in Taipei County. By using proportional sampling method, 389 valid samples (response rate 92.6%) provided data with a self-administered questionnaire. Data was analyzed with independent-sample t test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson product-moment correlation and multiple linear regressions. The results of this research were summarized as follows: 1. The average PSQI global score of the total subjects is 5.93, and 53.7 % 0f subjects are rated as poor sleepers. 2. The subjects belong to “grade nine”, “parents has lower economics and social position”, “conscientious health status was bad” had poorer sleep quality. 3. The subjects those who “take a nap before sleep”, “drink caffeine beverage”, “drink”, “smoke”, “do high intensity exercise in 2 hours before sleep”, “use internet during 0-6 am”, “with higher living stress”, “With inadequate sleepphysics environments”, had poorer sleep quality. 4. Multiple regression indicated that grade, gender factors, parents' marital satus, parents' economics and social position, living stress, conscientious health status, habits and customs, and sleep physics environment of the subjects, can effectively predict the sleep quality and explain the total amount of variance is 31.7%.
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