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Gender Role and Social Relations of Hakka Women in Meinung

By 陳明惠 and Ming-hui Chen


[[abstract]]For a long time that Hakka women have possessed an important status in the Hakka Culture, if pull the characteristics of Hakka women out, then the Hakka ethnicity may not able to completely construct. However, how would such kind of Hakka women be brought up? Which type of norm they need to be obeyed? Which social controlling mechanism has been operated in their daily life? What kind of attitude they took to face it? All those abovementioned issues are the prior concerns for this study. Seven Hakka women who born, grown up and currently lived in Meinung Town of Kaohsiung County are the research subjects that adopted by this study. In addition, the research objectives are as follows: 1. To understand the norm of gender role that Hakka women need to be obeyed. 2. To understand the attitude Hakka women took toward the norm of gender role. 3. To understand Hakka women’s social relation to the Hakka culture. 4. To compare the difference in different social statuses that Hakka women possessed. As for the research procedure, it adopted the orientation of homogeneous research and the in-depth interview method to study the gender role and social status of Hakka women in Meinung. According to the life development for women, this study is described and analyzed the norm of gender roles that they need to be obeyed in three life phases, such as the phase of been a daughter, the phase of been married and the phase of been the mother-in-law. Further to discuss the gender role between women and men, and women’s social status, interpersonal relationship and its derived interaction network within Hakka culture. Lastly, the author is analyzed and compared the commonality and difference in Hakka women. And the outcomes of this study are as follows: (1)Inhomogeneous scope of Hakka women. 1.Under the change of generations, young women tried to against the norm while senior women tried to protect the traditions. 2.With high education background and proactivity, they may have chance and ability to free themselves from the norm of Hakka culture. 3.The socioeconomic status of their family-of-origin will influence their recognition and attitude toward norm. 4.The first-born daughter will bear more restrictions of norm. 5.The traditional bound frame can be broke through by contacting other cultures. (2)Under the compromising living strategy, Hakka women adopted the indirect protesting method. (3)The gender character education within the Hakka culture: Hakka boys only need to study, and Hakka girls only need to help with family affairs.

Topics: 客家女性;性別角色;社會位置, Hakka Women;Gender Role;Social Status, [[classification]]15
Year: 2011
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