[[abstract]]ABSTRACT The purposes of this study were to investigate the behavior of anti-smoking among junior high school students , and to explore the relationships among individual characteristics and experience, behavior-specific cognitions and affect toward the behavior of anti-smoking。 The PPS method was used to select the sample, 407 valid samples were collected with a self-administrated questionnaire from a population of junior high school students in Taipei County Sanchong High School. The major results of the study were as follows: 1. 77.6% of the subjects never smoked before, and 89.7% thought that they would not smoke in the coming three months. Most of subjects started to smoke at the age of 13. The smoking rate of male and female was similar. There were more than 50% of subjects whose class-mates and good friends were smokers. 2. Within individual characteristics and experience, the higher possibility of the behavior of anti- smoking existed in those who felt healthier, and never smoked before. 3. Within behavior-specific cognitions and affect, the positive correlated with behavior of anti-smoking included perceived benefits of anti-smoking, self-efficacy to reject smoking, the feeling of anti-smoking, social support, norm and role modeling. The negative correlated with behavior of anti-smoking included perceived barriers of anti-smoking, the limitation of tobacco obtainment and smoking restriction area. 4. Perceived barriers of anti-smoking, smoking status, self-efficacy of anti-smoking, and norm could explain the 47.0% of the variance of anti-smoking behavior. Key Words: junior high school student, the behavior of anti- smoking, perceived barriers of anti-smoking, self-efficacy of anti-smoking
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