[[abstract]]The Influence of the Aerobic Training on Health Related Parameters of the Middle and Elderly Patients with Type II Diabetes Master,s Thesis, 2005 Lian-li Lin Advisor:Chin-lung Fang, Ph.D. Abstract This study was to investigate the effects of 12 weeks of aerobic training on the health related parameters (blood sugar, blood lipids and health-related physical fitness) of middle and elderly subjects with diabetes. There were 41 type-II diabetic patients living in Keelung city were recruited as the subjects of this study. Their average of male and female were 67.60± 11.65 and 66.57±8.14 years, respectively. The subjects had received aerobic training 3 days a week, one hour each session at intensity of 55-70% maximal heart rate for 12 weeks. The health-related physical fitness (BMI, %body fat, sit-and-stretch, 12-minute walk) and blood lipids including total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein, triglyceride, and Glycoylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) were taken before and after training. The collected data were analyzed with repeated t-test and Person Correlation, and the results of this study were as followed: 1. Most blood lipids before the training were significantly improved after 12 weeks aerobic training (p<.05), including total cholesterol (209 vs.124 mg/dl), low density lipoprotein (137 vs.112 mg/dl) and triglyceride (245 vs. 183 mg/dl). 2. The fasting blood glucose (184 vs.142 mg/dl) and HbA1c (11 Vs.7 %) of the subjects were improved significantly (p<.05) after 12 weeks of training. 3, The health-related physical fitness including BMI (29 vs. 24), % body fat (35.3 vs. 18.6 %), sit and reach (12.4 vs. 28 cm) and 12-minutes walk (804 vs.1007.2 m) of subjects were improved significantly (p<.05) after training. The 12 weeks of aerobic training can improve the physical fitness and blood lipid profiles of middle and elderly Type-II diabetics. Key words: middle and elderly, the type II diabetes, physical fitness, blood lipids, aerobic training.
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