[[abstract]]Research On The Operation Of P.T.A. Correlated With School Efficacy In Junior High In Taipei County Abstract This Research aims to fathom the operation of P.T.A., as well as the status quo of school efficiency in junior high in Taipei County, and to analyze further into the correlation between the operation of PTAs and school efficacy. Based on questionnaire methods, this research confines teachers with concurrent posts, homeroom teachers, full-time teachers, and parents as objects of study. The Stratified Cluster Random Sampling enrolls 40 junior high schools, 458 teachers, and 460 parents. The data acquired had been processed, divided into groups, quantized and counted, with the help of the Chinese software edition of SPSS for Windows 10.0. Through methods of one-way ANOVA, the diversified backgrounds inviting the variations had been crosschecked; through Scheff'e method, the post-comparisons had been completed subsequently to examine the marked interrelations among groups; and through Pearson method, the studies on correlations between P.T.A. operation and school efficacy had been fulfilled. After researches and analyses, the conclusions of this thesis result as below: I. The Operation Of PTA 1. The normal operation of PTAs in Taipei County is highly recommended, except that the sense of the members tends to be low. 2. School staffs with diversified backgrounds differ in comprehending PTAs. 3. The town and country PTAs work best, while remote area ones worst. 4. The larger a school is, the better the associated PTA functions; vise versa. 5. Main hindrances to the operation of PTAs result from facts that parents do not recognize PTA functions, that they lack enthusiasm in participating PTA’s activities, and that PTAs face insufficient expenses. 6. Close interdependence exists among operation in the propulsion on PTA’s affairs, the participation in school administration, and the patronage to administrative affairs. II. The School Efficacy 1. School efficacy in Taipei County junior high schools is highly commended, except that students fail to display fine qualities. 2. Teachers of diversified backgrounds vary in discerning school efficacy. 3. Schools in town and country, and senior teachers value school efficacy higher. III. The PTA Operation And School Efficacy 1. PTA operation benefits the upgrade of school efficacy in Taipei County. 2. PTA operation corresponds to school efficacy. With respect to PTA operation, participation in school administrative affairs correlates school efficacy most; and with respect to school efficacy, contented teachers correspond best with PTA. 3. Periodic class PTA meetings help upgrade school efficacy most. 4. Seminars on class and family education benefit school efficacy most. iii 5. Assistance to class teaching activities, and volunteer organizations contribute most to both teachers and parents, either in PTA operation or patronage to school. 6. Teachers expertise should be esteemed when PTAs join school affairs. 7. Teachers aged below 30 scored lowest, and those in the field for 16-25 years scored highest in sensing correlation between PTA and school efficacy. 8. Teachers in remote areas, in schools below 12 classes or founded for 6-15 years scored lowest in discerning PTA operation and school efficacy. The conclusions of the research lead to the following proposals for the Educational Administration, junior high, PTA, and PA. A. For The Educational Administration 1. Extend concern to remote small schools for higher funds and faculty. 2. Keep perfecting legal norms and encouraging parents participation. 3. Enhance on-the-post studies to refine teachers’ ideas and zeal in education. 4. Offer incentive to volunteers for their participation. 5. Examine retirement system to remain excellent teachers at post. B. For Junior High Schools 1. Build up partnership with parents and open up new dimension in education. 2. Set up patronage windows for parents and promote PTA functions. 3. Perfect volunteer organization and facilitate programs in social services. 4. Intensify parents-children activities and enhance social service. 5. Implement policy of on-the-post studies and prompt growth among peers. 6. Hold periodic class PTA meetings and promote class education. C. For PTAs 1. Enhance member contacts and participation. 2. Consolidate members’ expertise and enrich operational functions. 3. Balance development of the three aspects and sharpen operation efficiency. 4. Hold periodic meetings and reinforce school education efficiency. 5. Offer incentives to volunteers and supplement school faculty. 6. Circle proper jobs for volunteers and make teachers expertise be esteemed. D. For Parents Associations 1. Establish assistance and guidance group in PA for consultation. 2. Hold periodic seminars and enrich affair operation know-how. 3. R&D on evaluation mechanism and sustain development in PA affairs. 4. Hasten perfect legal norms for PA and strengthen school efficacy.
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