[[abstract]]The purpose of this thesis aims at exploring development of student movements from Japanese ruling period(1920) to the revocation of martial law(1994). The method used in this thesis are documental analysis, writing this history with historical materials, and adding my opinion to criticize. The definition of ‘student movements’ analyzed with Lin Yu-tee’s opinion about three kinds of students’ offensive objectivities is generalized in the last chapter that the term formed needs four assumptions: First of all, students should have their subjectivity. Secondly, how many students participate in this student movement? Thirdly, how great influence does this student movement have on school and society? Fourthly, this student movement’s solving ways and level. The purposes of this research are as follows: First of all, defensing ‘Are there any student movements occurred in Taiwan?’ by analyzing students’ offensive actions in school and society from 1920 to 1994. Secondly, trying to construct ‘history of Taiwan student movements’ by historical materials including 1920, 1940, 1970, 1980-1990 decades. Thirdly, comparing Taiwan student movements with foreign ones in the same period. Fourthly, checking the level, representation, and meaning of student movements in the process with Lin Yu-tee’s opinion. Finally, generalizing three discourses of ‘nationalism’, ‘left thinking’, ‘social power’ to analyze the background and developmental direction of student movements.
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