[[abstract]]This thesis focuses on a unique education pressure group in Taiwan, the Humanistic Education Foundation (HEF). HEF is unique not only because it has exercised great influence on educational reforms in Taiwan in the past decade but also for its longevity as a pressure group in education. Life history analysis is used to understand how a pressure group like HEF can survive with great success in influencing education policies and practices in Taiwan. Lipsky’s theory on protest group is used as a framework to understand HEF. Internal dynamics of the protest group, strategies used in dealing with the media, interactions with the third group and the target group constitute the focus of the analysis. Comprehensive document analyses and interviews were conducted to obtain the data necessary for understanding the history and strategies used by HEF based on the framework mentioned above. The people interviewed include staff of HEF, educational administrators, other pressure groups, as well as journalists to understand how HEF manage to survive and grow. Findings begin with a historical account of the different stages HEF went through in its development. Data collected show that HEF succeeded for good reasons. It has successfully handled key surviving imperatives of the pressure group in the four areas just mentioned. In terms of internal dynamic, strong leadership, clear group goals, supporting staff and volunteers, and stable fund raising make HEF survive many other pressure groups in education. HEF also has paid special attention in interacting with the media. Via releasing news strategically to maintain its visibility and advocate its idea, HEF has successfully used the media to bring social support for its reform agendas. This thesis has the following contributions. First of all, it helps us to understand how an influencing pressure group in education like HEF can survive and has such great impact on Taiwan’s education. Life history account of HEF also provides valuable historical account of its development. Second, theoretical explanations on pressure group were examined in local context to test its power of explanation. The successful experiences of HEF in acting as a pressure group can provide valuable experiences for other pressure group in education. Finally, governments and schools can learn how to cope with pressure group in education better by learning more about their strategies.