[[abstract]]Ethical V.S. Systemic viewpoints of origin of Children problem and intervention—The comparison of Chinese family therapists’ viewpoints with structural family therapy Shu Yu You Abstracts The main purpose of this study were：(1)to understand how Chinese family therapists evaluated children problems in Chinese family(2)to understand with what viewpoints Chinese family therapists intervened in family therapy(3)to compare structural family therapy viewpoints with Chinese family therapist’s viewpoints (4)to construct Chinese family therapy viewpoints. 16 Chinese family therapists lived in and practiced their works in different areas (including U.S. ,Taiwan,Hong Kong and Singapore) were interviewed with the method of semi-structural depth interview. The interviewing data were transcribed into verbatim and were analyzed with the method of “open coding” of grounded theory. The Chinese family therapist’s viewpoints about the origins of the children problems and the interventions were constructed afterwards. The researcher compared the Chinese family therapist’s viewpoints of origins of children’s problems based on the research findings with the viewpoints of structural oriented family therapy. Researcher pointed out that children problems arised from the “systemic” viewpoint in structural family therapy；while the “ethical” viewpoint in Chinese family therapists. Four dimensions distinguished the “systemic“ viewpoint from “ethical” viewpoint. They were cultural value, parent role , children self development, and parent-children relationship. The researcher also compared the Chinese family therapist’s ethical viewpoints of family therapy interventions with the systemic structural oriented family therapy. In the dimension of cultural value, structural family therapy asserted that family therapy emphasized the guard of individual right; while Chinese family therapists asserted building of relationship. In the dimension of parent role, structural family therapy asserted that family therapy was to strengthen parent role of function; while Chinese family therapists asserted that family therapy was to support parent role of obligation. In the dimension of children self development, structural family therapy asserted that family therapy was to help children develop independent self; while Chinese family therapy asserted the balance between relational self and independent self. In the dimension of parent-children relationship, structural family therapy asserted that family therapy was to build flexible, rational, authoritative relationship; while Chinese family therapists asserted to build relationship between parents and children. The research outcome provided in-dept analysis of conducting western family therapy in Chinese cultural contexts. The development of theory and practice of Chinese family therapy was expected in the future.
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